Molecular screening of patients with long standing extensive ulcerative colitis: detection of p53 and Ki-ras mutations by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and diVerential hybridisation in colonic lavage fluid

Abstract

Background—In patients with long standing ulcerative colitis at risk of developing malignancy, mutations of the p53 and Ki-ras gene were investigated in lavage solution obtained at surveillance colonoscopy. Methods—DNA was isolated from 31 consecutive patients with total or subtotal ulcerative colitis and a disease duration of between seven and 26 years. Twenty seven control patients showed no macroscopic or microscopic inflammation on colonoscopy. Exons 5–8 of the p53 gene and exon 1 of the Ki-ras gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Mutations of the p53 gene were detected by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Point mutations of the Ki-ras gene were hybridised on dot blots with oligonucleotides marked with digoxigenin. Results—In all cases of ulcerative colitis and in all of the 27 control patients, wild type p53 and wild type Ki-ras could be detected. In four patients with ulcerative colitis, a mutation in exon 5 to 7 of the p53 gene was found, and two patients had a mutation of the Ki-ras gene (Gly to Asp-12, Gly to Val-12). None of these patients had dysplasia in serial biopsy specimens, and all but one had had the disease for more than 10 years. One control patient had a mutation. Conclusions—Mutations were more frequent in patients with long standing ulcerative colitis (19%) than in control patients (3%, p = 0.07). The technique may be useful for screening for early malignancy in ulcerative colitis. (Gut 1999;44:822–825)

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@inproceedings{Lang1999MolecularSO, title={Molecular screening of patients with long standing extensive ulcerative colitis: detection of p53 and Ki-ras mutations by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and diVerential hybridisation in colonic lavage fluid}, author={S M Lang and Diana F Stratakis and Maria Heinzlmann and Walter Heldwein and Baldur Wiebecke and Klaus Loeschke}, year={1999} }