Molecular population structure and the biogeographic history of a regional fauna : a case history with lessons for conservation biology

@article{Avise1992MolecularPS,
  title={Molecular population structure and the biogeographic history of a regional fauna : a case history with lessons for conservation biology},
  author={John C. Avise},
  journal={Oikos},
  year={1992},
  volume={63},
  pages={62-76}
}
Mitochondrial (mt) DNA data on the comparative phylogeographic patterns of 19 species of freshwater, coastal, and marine species in the southeastern U.S.A. are reviewed. Nearly all assayed species exhibit extensive mtDNA polymorphism, although still orders-of-magnitude less than predicted under neutrally theory if evolutionary effective population sizes of females are similar to current census sizes. In both the freshwater and marine realms, deep and geographically concordant forks in… Expand
Comparative mtDNA phylogeography of neotropical freshwater fishes: testing shared history to infer the evolutionary landscape of lower Central America
TLDR
The fisheye view of LCA suggests a complex biogeographic history of overlaid cycles of colonization, diversification, sorting and extinction of lineages, a pattern the authors attribute to the continuing development of the landscape due to orogeny and the consequent increase in the insularization of drainage basins. Expand
PRINCIPLES OF PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AS ILLUSTRATED BY FRESHWATER AND TERRESTRIAL TURTLES IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES
▪ Abstract Geographic patterns in mtDNA variation are compiled for 22 species of freshwater and terrestrial turtles in the southeastern United States, and the results are employed to evaluateExpand
HISTORICAL ISOLATION, RANGE EXPANSION, AND SECONDARY CONTACT OF TWO HIGHLY DIVERGENT MITOCHONDRIAL LINEAGES IN SPOTTED SALAMANDERS (AMBYSTOMA MACULATUM)
Abstract.— The high species diversity of aquatic and terrestrial faunas in eastern North America has been attributed to range reductions and allopatric diversification resulting from historicalExpand
What can molecular genetics contribute to marine biogeography? An urchin's tale
TLDR
Data from mitochondrial DNA variation in Pacific sea urchins shows that congeneric species are of recent origin, having diverged within the Pleistocene, and clines of mtDNA variation within species are similar to diversity clines in the entire fauna, suggesting that genetic differentiation and perhaps species formation can occur throughout the Indo-West Pacific. Expand
SPECIES‐WIDE POPULATION STRUCTURE IN A SOUTHEASTERN U.S. FRESHWATER FISH, HETERANDRIA FORMOSA: GENE FLOW AND BIOGEOGRAPHY
  • C. Baer
  • Biology, Medicine
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  • 1998
TLDR
Several features of the biology of the species make it particularly likely that recent gene flow has been important in its evolution, and a two‐dimensional hypothesis of gene flow on the Florida peninsula better explains the data than does a one‐dimensional one. Expand
Comparative Phylogeography of North American Atlantic Salt Marsh Communities
TLDR
Although the minimal genetic structure recovered in this community is consistent with expectations based on the larval life history of the species examined, confirmation of this result suggests that latitudinal shifts in ecological interactions in salt marsh systems are environmentally driven, rather than due to heritable adaptation. Expand
OF PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AS ILLUSTRATED BY FRESHWATER AND TERRESTRIAL TURTLES IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES
Geographic patterns in mtDNA variation are compiled for 22 species of freshwater and terrestrial turtles in the southeastern United States, and the results are employed to evaluate phylogeographicExpand
HISTORICAL ISOLATION, RANGE EXPANSION, AND SECONDARY CONTACT OF TWO HIGHLY DIVERGENT MITOCHONDRIAL LINEAGES IN SPOTTED SALAMANDERS (AMBYSTOMA MACULATUM)
TLDR
The evolutionary history of spotted salamander populations underscores the generality of biogeographical processes in eastern North America: despite differences in population size, glacial refugia, and vagility, similar signatures of differentiation are evident among and within widespread taxa. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeographic Differentiation among Avian Populations and the Evolutionary Significance of Subspecies
TLDR
Questions are raised concerning the population-genetic and evolutionary significance of current subspecies designations in ornithology, particularly within the Rufous-sided Towhee and Common Yellowthroat. Expand
LIFE‐HISTORY VARIATION AND COMPARATIVE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY OF DARTERS (PISCES: PERCIDAE) FROM THE NORTH AMERICAN CENTRAL HIGHLANDS
TLDR
Comparisons among closely related, codistributed taxa may help discriminate among the possibilities for noncongruence in biogeographic studies by allowing evaluation of the influence of life history on patterns of gene flow. Expand
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