Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Bovini (Mammalia: Artiodactyla): alternative placement of the Anoa

  title={Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Bovini (Mammalia: Artiodactyla): alternative placement of the Anoa},
  author={Christian Pitra and Rainer F{\"u}rbass and H. M. Seyfert},
  journal={Journal of Evolutionary Biology},
Noncoding regions from the genes encoding aromatase cytochrome P450 and lactoferrin have been sequenced in ten bovine and one cervid species for an investigation of the evolutionary relationships within the tribe Bovini. The evolutionary rate of DNA‐nucleotide alterations along the ancestral bovine lineage amounts to 0.38% per million years, as estimated from this combined 0.478‐kb‐single copy nuclear (scn) DNA sequence data set. Whereas rate homogenity is apparent within the Bovini, the… 
The tribal radiation of the family Bovidae (Artiodactyla) and the evolution of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene.
The nucleotide sequence of the complete mitochondrial cytochrome b gene has been determined and compared for 51 species of the family Bovidae and 10 potential pecoran and tragulid outgroups and depicts a major split within Bovids.
Evolutionary affinities of the enigmatic saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis) in the context of the molecular phylogeny of Bovidae
  • A. Hassanin, E. Douzery
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1999
Pseudoryx is shown to be (i) robustly nested within Bovinae; (ii) strongly associated with Bovini; and (iii) tentatively sharing a sister–group relationship with cattle Bovinis.
Evidence from DNA that the mysterious 'linh duong' (Pseudonovibos spiralis) is not a new bovid.
The molecular evolution of the spiral-horned antelope (Mammalia: Tragelaphini)
The molecular phylogeny presented herein suggests that early members of Tragelaphini diverged from the other bovids during the mid-Miocene approximately 15.7 million years before present (MYBP), and suggests climatic oscillations and subsequent biotic shifts as the major driving forces underpinning speciation in the tribe Tragalaphini.
Molecular and morphological phylogenies of ruminantia and the alternative position of the moschidae.
A Bayesian relaxed molecular clock approach based on the continuous autocorrelation of evolutionary rates along branches was applied to estimate the divergence ages between the major clades of ruminants, confirming the traditional view that separates Tragulina and Pecora.
Molecular phylogeny of the critically endangered Hunter's antelope (Beatragus hunteri Sclater 1889)
It is deduce that the alcelaphine cytochrome b sequences began to diverge from a common mitochondrial ancestor about 5.5 million years ago and is provided molecular evidence that the impala Aepyceros melampus is not closely related to Alcelaphini.
Phylogeny of bovine species based on AFLP fingerprinting
It is proposed that because of shared polymorphisms and reticulations, tree topologies are only partially adequate to represent the phylogeny of the Bovini and suggests that genomic distances between the cattle species have been influenced by genetic exchange between neighbouring ancestral populations.
Phylogeography of the African buffalo based on mitochondrial and Y‐chromosomal loci: Pleistocene origin and population expansion of the Cape buffalo subspecies
Population genetics and phylogeography of the African buffalo are inferred from genetic diversity at mitochondrial D‐loop hypervariable region I sequences and a Y‐chromosomal microsatellite and there appears to have been a population expansion from eastern to southern Africa, which may be related to vegetation changes.


Systematic relationships in the artiodactyl tribe Bovini (family Bovidae), as determined from mitochondrial DNA sequences
It is strongly suggested that Bison should be treated as a congener of Bos rather than as a distinct genus in the tribe Bovini, as suggested from morphological, paleontological, and reproductive data.
Phylogenetic Relationships in the Subfamily Bovinae (Mammalia: Artiodactyla) Based on Ribosomal DNA
Data is presented to support recent studies that suggest the genus Bos is paraphyletic with respect to the genus Bison and that the genera should be combined and a hypothesis of evolution in the subfamily Bovinae is given.
DNA systematics and evolution of the artiodactyl family Bovidae.
These sequence comparisons suggest that most bovid tribes originated early in the Miocene with all extant lineages present by approximately 16-17 million years ago, and provide an example of rapid cladogenesis, following the origin of families in the infraorder Pecora.
Phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Bovini (Mammalia: Artiodactyla)
A matrix of 57 (mainly cranial) characters and 32 taxa of fossil and Recent Bovini has been analysed using the parsimony program HENNIG86, raising interesting questions about the close relationship between bison and yak and the possible monophyly of Pelorovis oldowayensis+Bos sensu lato.
The subfamilies and tribes of the family Bovidae
The crucial finding is that Caprinae link with African antelopes and that Antilopini are more remote, which is quite closely compatible with the phenetic distance analysis of the same data, provided the latter is read as if primitive or early bovids share more similarities than divergently advanced ones and hence associate more closely.
Evolution and Dispersal of African Bovidae
While cervids are mainly inhabitants of Eurasia and the Americas, giraffids and bovids are best known from Africa and southern Asia.
Sequence-dependent gene conversion: can duplicated genes diverge fast enough to escape conversion?
A review of results from various recombination systems suggests two classes of sequence-dependence models: the "k-hit" model in which conversion is completely inactivated by a few mutational events, such as the insertion of a mobile element, and more general models where conversion frequency gradually declines as genes diverge through the accumulation of point mutants.