Molecular phylogenetic relationship of toads distributed in the Far East and Europe inferred from the nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial DNA genes.

The toads of the Bufo bufo species group are widely distributed in the Eurasian continent and Japanese Archipelago. In this study, we analyzed the mtDNA gene sequences of this species group and estimated the divergence time to clarify the evolutionary relationships and biogeography of toads distributed in the Far East and Europe. The phylogenetic tree… (More)