Molecular mechanistic origin of the toughness of natural adhesives, fibres and composites

@article{Smith1999MolecularMO,
  title={Molecular mechanistic origin of the toughness of natural adhesives, fibres and composites},
  author={B. L. Smith and Tilman E. Sch{\"a}ffer and Mario B. Viani and James B. Thompson and Neil A. Frederick and Johannes Kindt and Angela M Belcher and Galen D Stucky and Daniel E Morse and Paul K. Hansma},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1999},
  volume={399},
  pages={761-763}
}
Natural materials are renowned for their strength and toughness,,,,. Spider dragline silk has a breakage energy per unit weight two orders of magnitude greater than high tensile steel,, and is representative of many other strong natural fibres,,. The abalone shell, a composite of calcium carbonate plates sandwiched between organic material, is 3,000 times more fracture resistant than a single crystal of the pure mineral,. The organic component, comprising just a few per cent of the composite by… CONTINUE READING
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