Molecular identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from bovine mastitis and detection of β-lactam resistance.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Bovine mastitis is a frequent cause of economic loss in dairy herds. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are increasing in importance as causeof bovine intramammary infection (IMI) throughout the world in recent years. CoNShave been isolated from milk samples collected from cows with clinical andsubclinical mastitis in several countries. Identification of mastitis pathogensis important when selection appropriate antimicrobial therapy. METHODOLOGY A total of 93 strains of Staphylococcusspp isolated from bovine clinical andsubclinical mastitis in Argentina during 2010-2013 were identified by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP)-PCR using the gap gene. The isolates were tested by PCR for the presence of blaZ gene and mecA gene and were tested by disk diffusion for the susceptibilityto penicillin and cefoxitin. RESULTS The most common CoNS species was S.chromogenes 46.2% (43/93), followed by S. devriesei 11.8% (11/93) and S. haemolyticus 9.7% (9/93). The blaZ gene was detected in 19 (20.4%) but only 16 (17.2%) isolates were resistant to penicillin; the mecA was detected in6 (6.5%) isolates but only 4 (4.3) were resistant to cefoxitin. The 6 mecA-positive isolates showed oxaxillinMICs ≤ 0.5 μg/ml. DISCUSSION CoNSare important minor mastitis pathogens and can be the cause of substantial economic losses. Despite the low resistance to PEN in Argentina, the presenceof MR isolates found in this study emphasize the importance of identificationof CoNS when an IMI is present because of the potentially risk of lateraltransfer of resistance genes between staphylococcal species.

DOI: 10.3855/jidc.5871

3 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Srednik2015MolecularIO, title={Molecular identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from bovine mastitis and detection of β-lactam resistance.}, author={Mariela Elizabeth Srednik and Mario Andres Grieben and Adriana Bentancor and Elida Raquel Gentilini}, journal={Journal of infection in developing countries}, year={2015}, volume={9 9}, pages={1022-7} }