Molecular evolution: Evidence for the monophyletic origin of multicellular animals

@article{Mller2005MolecularEE,
  title={Molecular evolution: Evidence for the monophyletic origin of multicellular animals},
  author={Werner E. G. M{\"u}ller and Isabel M. Müller and Baruch Rinkevich and V. Gamulin},
  journal={Naturwissenschaften},
  year={2005},
  volume={82},
  pages={36-38}
}
The mysterious spawning of the European eel in the Sargasso Sea remains a matter of conjecture and debate and will be resolved only by direct observation of spawning pairs. We thank Dr. E Tesch, Hamburg, for many stimulating discussions and assistance during the past years. Prof. Schnack, Kiel, enabled one of us (H. E) to join the Sargasso Expedition. We are particularly grateful to Dr. Hilge, AMensburg, who performed the hormon treatment of the eels, and to Dr. B. Strelow, Rostock, who… 

The biology of glass sponges.

Molecular phylogeny of metazoa (animals): Monophyletic origin

A monophyletic origin for all animals is suggested after having analyzed genes typical for multicellularity (adhesion molecules/receptors and a nuclear receptor) and presenting evidence that Porifera should be placed in the kingdom Animalia.

Giant siliceous spicules from the deep-sea glass sponge Monorhaphis chuni.

The largest Bio-Silica Structure on Earth: The Giant Basal Spicule from the Deep-Sea Glass Sponge Monorhaphis chuni

Experiments indicated that the spicules function in vivo as a nonocular photoreception system and have exceptional mechanical properties, combining mechanical stability with strength and stiffness in bio-silica structures.

Micrometer-sized network structure of novel DNA-lipid conjugates induced by heat stimulation.

A novel lipid-bearing DNA that forms hairpin modules, including a single RNA monomer, can be used to create micrometer-sized structures from nanometer-sized building blocks during breakage at the RNA site, and this is the first report of heat-induced molecular self-assembly of molecules that carry biological information.

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