Molecular epidemiology and evolution of emerging infectious diseases.

  title={Molecular epidemiology and evolution of emerging infectious diseases.},
  author={Edward C. Holmes},
  journal={British medical bulletin},
  volume={54 3},
Molecular epidemiology is an emerging science. The development of new and rapid protocols to isolate and identify pathogens, coupled with the sophisticated phylogenetic analysis of their gene sequences, is providing a new and fascinating insight into the biology, origin and spread of infectious diseases. In this essay, I describe some of the ways in which the techniques of modern molecular biology and evolution have equipped us to face the challenge of these new infections.