Molecular determinants of general anesthetic action: role of GABAA receptor structure.

Abstract

Using receptors expressed from mouse brain mRNA in Xenopus oocytes, we found that enhancement of type A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAA) receptor-gated Cl- channel response is a common action of structurally diverse anesthetics, suggesting that the GABAA receptor plays an important role in anesthesia. To determine if GABAA receptor subunit composition influences actions of anesthetics, we expressed subunit cRNAs in Xenopus oocytes and measured effects of enflurane on GABA-activated Cl- currents. Potentiation of GABA-activated currents by enflurane was dependent on the composition of GABAA receptor protein subunits; the order of sensitivity was alpha 1 beta 1 > alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 2S = alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 2L > total mRNA. The results suggest that anesthetics with simple structures may act on the GABAA receptor protein complex to modulate the Cl- channel activity and provide a molecular explanation for the synergistic clinical interactions between benzodiazepines and general anesthetics.

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@article{Lin1993MolecularDO, title={Molecular determinants of general anesthetic action: role of GABAA receptor structure.}, author={Li-Hsien Lin and Paul John Whiting and R Adron Harris}, journal={Journal of neurochemistry}, year={1993}, volume={60 4}, pages={1548-53} }