Molecular cloning, expression analysis and cellular localization of gomesin, an anti-microbial peptide from hemocytes of the spider Acanthoscurria gomesiana.

Abstract

Gomesin is a cationic anti-microbial peptide of 18 amino acid residues isolated from the hemocytes of unchallenged tarantula spider Acanthoscurria gomesiana. This paper reports the first study of the processing and cellular location of an anti-microbial peptide (AMP) in spiders. Gomesin cDNA sequence analysis indicated that it is processed from a precursor containing a signal peptide (23 amino acid residues) and a negative C-terminal region (43 amino acid residues). The gomesin gene was constitutively transcribed in hemocytes and the gene product localized in hemocyte granules. The constitutive production of gomesin by a spider is discussed in the context of an ancient mechanism of AMP regulation and storage.

Cite this paper

@article{Lorenzini2003MolecularCE, title={Molecular cloning, expression analysis and cellular localization of gomesin, an anti-microbial peptide from hemocytes of the spider Acanthoscurria gomesiana.}, author={Daniel M. Lorenzini and Aline H Fukuzawa and Pedro Ismael da Silva and Gl{\'a}ucia Maria Machado-Santelli and Alcira Tania Bijovsky and Sirlei Daffre}, journal={Insect biochemistry and molecular biology}, year={2003}, volume={33 10}, pages={1011-6} }