The link between selenium binding protein from Sinonovacula constricta and environmental pollutions exposure.
Selenium-binding protein (SEBP) is believed to play crucial role in controlling the oxidation/reduction in the physiological processes. In this study, the cDNA of selenium-binding protein from abalone Haliotis discus hannai Ino (HdhSEBP) was cloned by homology cloning and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technique. The full length of HdhSEBP cDNA was 2071 bp, consisting of a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 55 bp, a 3' UTR of 522 bp, and an open reading frame (ORF) of 1494 bp. The deduced protein has 497 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 55.6 kDa and a predicted isoelectric point of 5.47. BLAST analysis reveals that HdhSEBP shares high identities with other known SEBPs from mammal, bird, fish and mollusk, etc. The mRNA expression patterns of HdhSEBP in hepatopancreas and haemocytes were measured by real-time PCR in abalone fed with nine different diets containing graded levels of selenium (0, 1 and 50 mg kg(-1)), iron (0, 65 and 1300 mg kg(-1)) and zinc (0, 35 and 700 mg kg(-1)) for 20 weeks, respectively. The results showed that the expression of the HdhSEBP mRNA increased and reached the maximum at optimal dietary selenium (1 mg kg(-1)), iron (65 mg kg(-1)) and zinc (35 mg kg(-1)), respectively. Deficient or excessive level of dietary selenium, iron or zinc, respectively, leaded to significant depression of HdhSEBP mRNA. It is concluded that the expression levels of HdhSEBP are affected by dietary selenium, iron or zinc.