Molecular approach to adenosine receptors: receptor-mediated mechanisms of tissue protection.


Adenosine accumulation during ischemia and inflammation protects tissues from injury. In ischemic tissues adenosine accumulates due to inhibition of adenosine kinase, and in inflamed tissues adenosine is formed from adenine nucleotides that are released from many cells including platelets, mast cells, nerves, and endothelium. Nucleotides are rapidly… (More)


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