Molecular and bioassay-based detection of Toxoplasma gondii oocyst uptake by mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis).

  title={Molecular and bioassay-based detection of Toxoplasma gondii oocyst uptake by mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis).},
  author={Kristen D. Arkush and Melissa C. Miller and Christian M. Leutenegger and Ian Andrew Gardner and Andrea E Packham and Anja R Heckeroth and Astrid M. Tenter and Bradd C. Barr and Patricia A. Conrad},
  journal={International journal for parasitology},
  volume={33 10},
Toxoplasma gondii is associated with morbidity and mortality in a variety of marine mammals, including fatal meningoencephalitis in the southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). The source(s) of T. gondii infection and routes of transmission in the marine environment are unknown. We hypothesise that filter-feeding marine bivalve shellfish serve as paratenic hosts by assimilation and concentration of infective T. gondii oocysts and their subsequent predation by southern sea otters is a source… CONTINUE READING


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