Four novel and three recurrent mutations of the BTK gene and pathogenic effects of putative splice mutations
Mutations in Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) gene result in X linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). Using Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP) followed by direct sequencing 21 mutations were found in 27 patients with an XLA phenotype from 21 unrelated families. We identified 13 novel and 8 known mutations: seven missense (R288W, R544G, P566S, K430E; K374N, L512P, R544S), 5 nonsense (Q196X, Y361X, L249X, Q612X, Q466X), 2 deletions of one nucleotide (A207fsX216, Q612fsX648), 2 deletion-insertions (V219fsX227, K218fsX228), one insertion of two nucleotides (S572fsX587) and 4 point mutations in donor/acceptor splice sites (g.IVS1+1G>C, g.IVS6+5G>A, g.IVS10+1G>T, g.IVS13-1GG>CT). Carrier detection was performed in 18 mothers. Only in one case the mutation was found to be de novo. Additionally, BTK mutations were not found in four patients without family history, but with XLA-compatible phenotype. Hum Mutat 18:84, 2001.