Molecular Tools for the Detection and the Identification of Hymenoptera Parasitoids in Tortricid Fruit Pests

  title={Molecular Tools for the Detection and the Identification of Hymenoptera Parasitoids in Tortricid Fruit Pests},
  author={Pierre Franck and Mariline Maalouly-Matar and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Olivares},
  journal={International Journal of Molecular Sciences},
Biological control requires specific tools for the accurate detection and identification of natural enemies in order to estimate variations in their abundance and their impact according to changes in environmental conditions or agricultural practices. Here, we developed two molecular methods of detection based on PCR-RFLP with universal primers and on PCR with specific primers to identify commonly occurring larval parasitoids of the tortricid fruit pests and to estimate parasitism in the… Expand
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