Molecular Phylogeny of Megaloceros giganteus — the Giant Deer or Just a Giant Red Deer?

@inproceedings{Kuehn2005MolecularPO,
  title={Molecular Phylogeny of Megaloceros giganteus — the Giant Deer or Just a Giant Red Deer?},
  author={Ralph Kuehn and Christian Ludt and Wolf Schroeder and Oswald Rottmann},
  booktitle={Zoological science},
  year={2005}
}
Abstract Two fragments of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of the cytochrome b gene (137 bp and 167 bp) were successfully isolated and sequenced from antlers and bones of five specimens of the Giant Deer (Megaloceros giganteus) to examine the phylogenetic position of Megaloceros giganteus within the family Cervidae. This is the first report on ancient DNA (aDNA) sequences from Megaloceros giganteus. A phylogenetic analysis based on parameter-rich models describes the evolutionary relationships between… 
Mitochondrial Genomes of Giant Deers Suggest their Late Survival in Central Europe
TLDR
The unexpected presence of Megaloceros giganteus in Southern Germany after the Ice Age suggests a later survival in Central Europe than previously proposed, and the complete mtDNAs provide strong phylogenetic support for a Dama-Megaloceros clade.
Mitochondrial Genomes of Giant Deers Suggest their Late Survival in Central Europe
TLDR
The unexpected presence of Megaloceros giganteus in Southern Germany after the Ice Age suggests a later survival in Central Europe than previously proposed, and the complete mtDNAs provide strong phylogenetic support for a Dama-Megaloceros clade.
Supermatrix and species tree methods resolve phylogenetic relationships within the big cats, Panthera (Carnivora: Felidae).
TLDR
An alternative, highly supported interpretation of the evolutionary history of the pantherine lineage is provided using novel and published DNA sequence data from the autosomes, both sex chromosomes and the mitochondrial genome, which yields a robust consensus topology supporting the monophyly of lion and leopard, with jaguar sister to these species, as well as a sister species relationship of tiger and snow leopard.
Molecular phylogenetics of Dipsacaceae reveals parallel trends in seed dispersal syndromes
TLDR
The phylogenetic hypothesis indicates that adaptations to seed dispersal have been a very strong driving force in Dipsacaceae evolution, with similar selective pressures causing the onset of similar epicalyx shapes and dispersal modes in a parallel fashion in various taxa.
A molecular phylogeny of Chinese Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae inferred from nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences
TLDR
The Hengduan Mountains of the Sino-Himalayas are rich in endemic species of Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae and to ascertain their higher-level phylogenetic placements within the subfamily, 106 accessions were examined including the Chinese endemic genera Changium, Cyclorhiza, Notopterygium, Nothosmyrnium, and Sinolimprichtia.
Molecular phylogeny of Pottiaceae (Musci) based on chloroplast rps4 sequence data
Comparative sequencing of the chloroplast rps4 gene was used to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships within the family Pottiaceae (Musci). The results confirm that Ephemerum spinulosum,
Remarkable ancient divergences amongst neglected lorisiform primates
TLDR
The results obtained in this study suggest that lorisiform diversity remains substantially underestimated and that previously unnoticed cryptic diversity might be present within many lineages, thus urgently requiring a comprehensive taxonomic revision of this primate group.
Phylogeny of subtribe Pyrinae (formerly the Maloideae, Rosaceae): Limited resolution of a complex evolutionary history
Generic relationships in the Pyrinae (equivalent to subfamily Maloideae) were assessed with six chloroplast regions and five nuclear regions. We also plotted 12 non-molecular characters onto
The systematics of the Cervidae: a total evidence approach
TLDR
Several fossil cervids could be successfully related to living representatives, confirming previously assumed affiliations based on comparative morphology and introducing new hypotheses, and providing new insights into the evolutionary history of cervids.
Molecular phylogeny of Atraphaxis and the woody Polygonum species (Polygonaceae): taxonomic implications based on molecular and morphological evidence
TLDR
The phylogenetic results revealed that several woody Polygonum species endemic to Iran formed a distinct clade, and are nested within Atraphaxis, which was the first diverging lineage as sister to an assemblage of these taxa and the bulk of Atraph axis species.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
A mitochondrial DNA control region phylogeny of the Cervinae: speciation in Cervus and implications for conservation
TLDR
Sequences from complete mitochondrial control regions (mtDNA CR) were used to infer phylogenetic relationships in 25 Cervinae taxa, finding sequence variability at the mtDNA CR is informative for defining species and subspecies boundaries, and for locating the geographical origin of captive-reared stocks.
New phylogenetic perspectives on the Cervidae (Artiodactyla) are provided by the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene
TLDR
The entire mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt b) gene was compared for 11 species of the artiodactyl family Cervidae and suggested paraphyly of antlered deer, with evidence for three multifurcating principal clades within the monophyletic family C Vernidae.
Ancient DNA analysis reveals woolly rhino evolutionary relationships.
TLDR
P phylogenetic analyses show that C. antiquitatis is most closely related to one of the three extant Asian rhinoceros species, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, and establishes that the degraded nature of ancient DNA does not completely protect ancient DNA studies based on mitochondrial data from the problems associated with nuclear inserts.
A phylogenetic comparison of red deer and wapiti using mitochondrial DNA.
TLDR
Using parsimony and distance analysis, red deer and wapiti are derived from a single recent common ancestor, which is consistent with current taxonomy that recognizes the subspecies of Cervus elaphus as monophyletic group.
The first complete skeleton of Megaloceros verticornis (Dawkins, 1868) Cervidae, Mammalia, from Bilshausen (Lower Saxony, Germany): description and phylogenetic implications
TLDR
The analysis yields no evidence, however, of a close relationship between Dama and Megaloceros, which has been widely discussed in the literature because of the presence of large, palmated antlers in both genera.
Phylogenetic relationships among european red deer, wapiti, and sika deer inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
TLDR
The wapiti, however, was shown to be more closely related to the sika deer than to the European red deer, in conflict with traditional morphological results, which suggest a close sister group relationship between thewapiti and the EuropeanRed deer.
Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of red deer (Cervus elaphus).
TLDR
The mtDNA data do not support the traditional classification of red deer as only one species nor its division into numerous subspecies, and the discrepancies between the geographical pattern of differentiation based on mtDNA cytochrome b and the existing specific and subspecific taxonomy based on morphology are discussed.
Complete mitochondrial genome sequences of two extinct moas clarify ratite evolution
TLDR
This first molecular view of the break-up of Gondwana provides a new temporal framework for speciation events within other Gondwanan biota and can be used to evaluate competing biogeographical hypotheses.
Molecular Phylogenetic Inference of the Woolly Mammoth Mammuthus primigenius, Based on Complete Sequences of Mitochondrial Cytochrome b and 12S Ribosomal RNA Genes
TLDR
Complete sequences of cytochrome b and 12S ribosomal RNA genes in mitochondrial DNA were successfully determined from the woolly mammoth, African elephant, and Asian elephant, supporting the ``Mammuthus-Loxodonta'' clade.
Morphological Convergence in Hippidion and Equus (Amerhippus) South American Equids Elucidated by Ancient DNA Analysis
TLDR
DNA analysis reveals that a very Hippidion-like metapod might also have been possessed by another South American equid, i.e., Equus (Amerhippus), an interpretation supported by complementary anatomical observations that may lead paleontologists to limb bone misidentification.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...