Molecular Epidemiology and Evolution of West Nile Virus in North America

  title={Molecular Epidemiology and Evolution of West Nile Virus in North America},
  author={Brian Rick Mann and Allison R. McMullen and Daniele M. Swetnam and Alan D. T. Barrett},
  booktitle={International journal of environmental research and public health},
West Nile virus (WNV) was introduced to New York in 1999 and rapidly spread throughout North America and into parts of Central and South America. Displacement of the original New York (NY99) genotype by the North America/West Nile 2002 (NA/WN02) genotype occurred in 2002 with subsequent identification of a novel genotype in 2003 in isolates collected from the southwestern Unites States region (SW/WN03 genotype). Both genotypes co-circulate to date. Subsequent WNV surveillance studies have… CONTINUE READING

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Statistics & Maps

  • Center for Disease Control, Prevention . West Nile Virus
  • Available online:…
  • 2013
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Epidemiological Data

  • European Centre for Disease Prevention, Control . West Nile Fever
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  • 2013

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