Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Tyrosine Aminotransferase and Hydroxyphenylpyruvate Reductase, and Rosmarinic Acid Accumulation in Scutellaria baicalensis

  title={Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Tyrosine Aminotransferase and Hydroxyphenylpyruvate Reductase, and Rosmarinic Acid Accumulation in Scutellaria baicalensis},
  author={Yeon-Bok Kim and Md. Romij Uddin and Yeji Kim and Chun-Geon Park and Sang Un Park},
  journal={Natural Product Communications},
Rosmarinic acid (α-O-caffeoyl-3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, RA) is a caffeoyl ester widely distributed in plants. cDNA clones encoding tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT1 and 2) and hydroxyphenylpyruvate reductase (HPPR) have been isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis. The open reading frames (ORFs) of SbTAT1 and 2 were 1230 and 1272 bp long and encoded 409 and 423 amino acid residues, respectively. HPPR corresponded to a 942-bp ORF and 313 amino acid residues of translated protein. To study the… 

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