Molar Mass Version of the Ideal Gas Law Points to a Very Low Climate Sensitivity

  title={Molar Mass Version of the Ideal Gas Law Points to a Very Low Climate Sensitivity},
  author={R. Holmes},
  • R. Holmes
  • Published 7 December 2017
  • Geology
  • Eearth
It has always been complicated mathematically, to calculate the average near surface atmospheric temperature on planetary bodies with a thick atmosphere. Usually, the Stefan Boltzmann (S-B) black body law is used to provide the effective temperature, then debate arises about the size or relevance of additional factors, including the ‘greenhouse effect’. Presented here is a simple and reliable method of accurately calculating the average near surface atmospheric temperature on planetary bodies… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Thermal Enhancement on Planetary Bodies and the Relevance of the Molar Mass Version of the Ideal Gas Law to the Null Hypothesis of Climate Change
Presented here is a simple and reliable method of accurately calculating the average near surface atmospheric temperature on all planetary bodies which possess a surface atmospheric pressure of over
New Thermodynamics: Rethinking the Science of Climate Change
Statistical analysis shows that climate change is due to human activities. The accepted reason being the greenhouse effect, which is based on the erroneous assumption that homonuclear gases are
Controlling the Velocity and Kinetic Energy of an Ideal Gas: An EWMA Control Chart and Its Average Run Length
An ideal gas is a gas in the form of a particle or molecule. Its velocity and kinetic energy are interesting topics in several studies in physical chemistry. This research aims to evaluate the
An Easy Method for Pressure Measurement in Microchannels Using Trapped Air Compression in a One-End-Sealed Capillary
An easy capillary-based method for measuring fluid pressure at one or multiple locations in a microchannel, using a commonly used capillary with one end sealed and calibrated scales on it, to reasonably analyze the nonlinearity of the flow-pressure drop relationship caused by channel deformation.


Common 0.1 bar tropopause in thick atmospheres set by pressure-dependent infrared transparency
In many planetary atmospheres, including that of Earth, the base of the stratosphere—the tropopause—occurs at an atmospheric pressure of 0.1 bar. A physically based model demonstrates that the
In situ measurements of the physical characteristics of Titan's environment
The temperature and density profiles, as determined by the Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI), from an altitude of 1,400 km down to the surface were higher than expected and the extent of atmospheric electricity was also hitherto unknown.
Observational determination of surface radiative forcing by CO2 from 2000 to 2010
Observationally based evidence of clear-sky CO2 surface radiative forcing that is directly attributable to the increase, between 2000 and 2010, of 22 parts per million atmospheric CO2 is presented, confirming theoretical predictions of the atmospheric greenhouse effect due to anthropogenic emissions, and providing empirical evidence of how rising CO2 levels are affecting the surface energy balance.
Line-by-Line Calculations of Atmospheric Fluxes and Cooling Rates: Application to Water Vapor
A model for the accelerated calculation of clear sky fluxes based on the line-by-line radiance model FASCODE has been developed and applied to the calculation of cooling rates for atmospheric water
Advanced Two-Layer ClimateModel for the Assessment of Global Warming by CO2
We present an advanced two-layer climate model, especially appropriate to calculate the influence of an increasing CO2-concentration and a varying solar activity on global warming. The model
Using seasonal variations to estimate earth's response to radiative forcing
By looking at how the changed solar radiation over the annual seasons a ect the two hemispheres it is possible to get an estimation of how the climate system reacts to changes in the radiation
In order to clarify the dispute between Loschmidt and Boltzmann/Maxwell concerning the existence of a temperature gradient in insulated vertical columns of gas, liquid or solid, macroscopic
Global Warming: Are We Confusing Cause and Effect?
The writers show that the present-day global warming is not due to the increase in the volume of greenhouse gases, but rather to the increased solar activity. It appears that we are at the rising
Structure of the Venus atmosphere
Abstract The structure of the Venus atmosphere is discussed. The data obtained in the 1980s by the last Soviet missions to Venus: orbiters Venera 15, 16 and the entry probes and balloons of Vega 1