Modulatory effects on myocardial physiology induced by an anti-Trypanosoma cruzi monoclonal antibody involve recognition of major antigenic epitopes from beta1-adrenergic and M2-muscarinic cholinergic receptors without requiring receptor cross-linking.

Abstract

It has been proposed that anti-myocardial antibodies (Ab) against neurotransmitter (NT) receptors are involved in the immunopathology of chronic Chagas' heart disease. We demonstrated that an anti-Trypanosoma cruzi monoclonal Ab (mAb), CAK20.12, binds to murine cardiac beta-adrenergic and muscarinic acetyl choline (mACh) receptors eliciting abnormal physiological responses on normal heart. No cross-linking requirement for mAb actions was demonstrated using Fab fragment derived from CAK20.12. mAb binding to synthetic peptides from the second extracellular loop of both beta1-adrenergic and mACh receptors, demonstrated by ELISA, identified the region of NT receptors involved. Cross-reactivity between these peptides and T. cruzi antigen was confirmed by binding inhibition assays. These results support the existence of cross-reactivity due to molecular mimicry between a parasite antigen and the major antigenic epitopes present on both beta1-adrenergic and M2-ACh receptors. Its possible relationship with cardiac dysfunction during chronic stage of Chagas' disease is also discussed.

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@article{Cremaschi2004ModulatoryEO, title={Modulatory effects on myocardial physiology induced by an anti-Trypanosoma cruzi monoclonal antibody involve recognition of major antigenic epitopes from beta1-adrenergic and M2-muscarinic cholinergic receptors without requiring receptor cross-linking.}, author={Graciela Alicia Cremaschi and Marisa M. Fern{\'a}ndez and Gabriela Gorelik and Juan Carlos Goin and Carlos Alberto Fossati and Norberto W Zwirner and Emilio Luis Malchiodi}, journal={Journal of neuroimmunology}, year={2004}, volume={153 1-2}, pages={99-107} }