Modulation of natural killer and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by interferon and interleukin-2 in chronic myeloid leukemia patients in remission.

Abstract

Our earlier studies demonstrated that about 55% of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients in remission exhibited impaired natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity (low NK responders) while antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) of these patients, on chicken red blood cells as targets, was within normal range. In this paper, we have attempted to modulate the NK cytotoxicity of CML patients in remission with interferon (IFN) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) singly or together. ADCC using K562 target-directed monoclonal antibody (MAb) 4.6E10 was also modulated by treating the effectors with IFN or IL-2. Pretreatment of nonadherent mononuclear cells from peripheral blood (NAPBMNC) with IFN or IL-2 was found to result in 20 and 21% increase in target cell lysis in case of healthy donors, 79 and 98% increase in case of CML normal NK responders, and 164 and 159% increase in case of CML low NK responders. Combined use of IFN and IL-2 potentiated further the lymphocytotoxicity to 25% in healthy donors, 135% in normal NK responder CML patients and 283% in low NK responder CML patients. This treatment resulted in restoration of cytotoxicity of the latter group of patients to a normal level. The augmentation was seen in 80-100% CML patients. Although ADCC with chicken red blood cells as targets was within normal range, ADCC mediated with MAb to K562 cells was significantly lower in CML low NK responders (24.5%) than CML normal NK responders (42.4%) and healthy donors (65.9%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Dabholkar1989ModulationON, title={Modulation of natural killer and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by interferon and interleukin-2 in chronic myeloid leukemia patients in remission.}, author={M D Dabholkar and R J Tatake and Kunjlata Manibhai Amin and Suresh Advani and Sudha G. Gangal}, journal={Oncology}, year={1989}, volume={46 2}, pages={123-7} }