Modulation of intestinal vitamin D receptor by ovariectomy, estrogen and growth hormone.

Age-related decline in intestinal calcium (Ca) absorption often occur in postmenopausal osteoporotic women. The impaired Ca absorption can be corrected by estrogen (E2) therapy. Growth hormone (GH) therapy has also been reported to increase intestinal absorption of calcium. Since 1,25-dyhydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) is the primary regulator of calcium… CONTINUE READING