Chemically Induced Differentiation of the Cells of Tumor Lines
Following exposure to phorbol ester (TPA), DEL cell line, a human malignant histiocytosis (MH) cell line, is able to differentiate along a macrophage phenotype and thus it provides a suitable model for analyzing the sequential and differential gene expression associated with monocyte/macrophage differentiation. C-myc, c-myb, c-fos, c-sis and c-fms expression were determined by Northern analysis at various times following TPA treatment. The results showed that TPA down-modulated the constitutive expression of c-myc, c-myb, and c-fms, mRNA to low but still detectable levels. Conversely, TPA-induced differentiation resulted in transient appearance of c-fos, whereas no change in the level of c-sis and actin transcripts were observed. Thus, the c-fms and c-sis genes appear to be regulated in a specific manner in this malignant histiocytosis derived cell line. Furthermore, these investigations demonstrated a constitutive CSF-1 gene expression which transiently increased at mRNA and also at protein level as evaluated by a murine bone marrow CFU bioassay. Through this drug-induced modulation, the DEL cell line offers an additional model for studying some of the subtle interrelations existing between a growth factor (CSF-1) and its receptor (c-fms) in the monocyte/macrophage system.