Modified brane cosmologies with induced gravity, arbitrary matter content, and a Gauss-Bonnet term in the bulk

@article{Apostolopoulos2007ModifiedBC,
  title={Modified brane cosmologies with induced gravity, arbitrary matter content, and a Gauss-Bonnet term in the bulk},
  author={Pantelis S. Apostolopoulos and Nikolaos Brouzakis and Nikolaos Tetradis and Eleftheria Tzavara},
  journal={Physical Review D},
  year={2007},
  volume={76},
  pages={084029}
}
We extend the covariant analysis of the brane cosmological evolution in order to take into account, apart from a general matter content and an induced-gravity term on the brane, a Gauss-Bonnet term in the bulk. The gravitational effect of the bulk matter on the brane evolution can be described in terms of the total bulk mass as measured by a bulk observer at the location of the brane. This mass appears in the effective Friedmann equation through a term characterized as generalized dark… 

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