Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND): Observational Phenomenology and Relativistic Extensions

@article{Famaey2012ModifiedND,
  title={Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND): Observational Phenomenology and Relativistic Extensions},
  author={Beno{\^i}t Famaey and Stacy S. McGaugh},
  journal={Living Reviews in Relativity},
  year={2012},
  volume={15}
}
A wealth of astronomical data indicate the presence of mass discrepancies in the Universe. The motions observed in a variety of classes of extragalactic systems exceed what can be explained by the mass visible in stars and gas. Either (i) there is a vast amount of unseen mass in some novel form — dark matter — or (ii) the data indicate a breakdown of our understanding of dynamics on the relevant scales, or (iii) both. Here, we first review a few outstanding challenges for the dark matter… 
Modified Newtonian Gravity as an Alternative to the Dark Matter Hypothesis
[-5]The applications of Newtonian dynamics in galactic scales have shown that the inverse square law is incompatible with the amount of visible mass in the form of stars and molecular clouds. This
The Acceleration Scale, Modified Newtonian Dynamics, and Sterile Neutrinos
General relativity is able to describe the dynamics of galaxies and larger cosmic structures only if most of the matter in the universe is dark, namely, it does not emit any electromagnetic
RAyMOND: an N-body and hydrodynamics code for MOND
The LCDM concordance cosmological model is supported by a wealth of observational evidence, particularly on large scales. At galactic scales, however, the model is poorly constrained and recent
Mass density and size estimates for spiral galaxies using general relativity
Rotation curves of spiral galaxies reveal a physical phenomenon that has been seen to lack a satisfactory scientific explanation: velocities of stars far from the nucleus are high and approximately
Is the universe simpler than ΛCDM?
In the standard cosmological model, the Universe consists mainly of two invisible substances: vacuum energy with constant mass-density (where is a ‘cosmological constant’ originally proposed by
Model-Independent Probes of Cosmology & Gravitation
Cosmology & Gravitation are the fundamental studies in understanding the physics of the universe that we reside in. The approach in achieving the knowledge of the physical laws which govern our
Alternative to particle dark matter
We propose an alternative to particle dark matter that borrows ingredients of MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) while adding new key components. The first new feature is a dark matter fluid, in the
Scale invariance at low accelerations (aka MOND) and the dynamical anomalies in the Universe
Galactic systems, and the Universe at large, exhibit large dynamical anomalies: The observed matter in them falls very short of providing enough gravity to account for their dynamics. The mainstream
Galaxies as simple dynamical systems: observational data disfavor dark matter and stochastic star formation
According to modern theory, galactic evolution is driven by the dynamics of dark matter and stochastic star formation, but galaxies are observed to be simple systems. The existence of dark matter
Dark matter -- Modified dynamics: Reaction vs. Prediction
The dark energy-cold dark matter paradigm ($\Lambda$CDM) has gained widespread acceptance because it explains the pattern of anisotropies observed in the cosmic microwave background radiation, the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 607 REFERENCES
A Stratified Framework for Scalar-Tensor Theories of Modified Dynamics
Although the modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) proposed by Milgrom successfully accounts for the systematics of galaxy rotation curves and cluster dynamics without invoking dark matter, the idea
Reconciling MOND and dark matter
Observations of galaxies suggest a one-to-one analytic relation between the inferred gravity of dark matter at any radius and the enclosed baryonic mass, a relation summarized by Milgrom's law of
The Virial Discrepancy in Clusters of Galaxies in the Context of Modified Newtonian Dynamics
A large sample of X-ray-emitting clusters of galaxies is considered in the context of Milgrom's modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND). The virial discrepancy (the ratio of the dynamical to observable
New constraints on modified Newtonian dynamics from galaxy clusters
We revisit the application of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) to galaxy clusters. We confront the high-quality X-ray data for eight clusters of galaxies observed by the XMM-Newton satellite with
The modified Newtonian dynamics—MOND and its implications for new physics
No more salient issue exists in contemporary astrophysics and cosmology than that of the elusive ‘dark matter’. For many years already Milgrom's paradigm of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) has
Confrontation of MOdified Newtonian Dynamics with the rotation curves of early-type disc galaxies
We extend the MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) analysis to a sample of 17 high surface brightness, early-type disc galaxies with rotation curves derived from a combination of 21-cm H-I line
Cosmological Difficulties with Modified Newtonian Dynamics (or: La Fin du MOND?)
The cold dark matter paradigm has been extremely successful for explaining a wide range of cosmological phenomena. Nevertheless, since evidence for non-baryonic dark matter remains indirect, all
Novel test of modified Newtonian dynamics with gas rich galaxies.
TLDR
A test using gas rich galaxies for which both axes of the BTFR can be measured independently of the theories being tested and without the systematic uncertainty in stellar mass that affects the same test with star dominated spirals is reported.
Do Modified Newtonian Dynamics Follow from the Cold Dark Matter Paradigm?
In a recent paper, Kaplinghat & Turner (KT) advertised that modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) could be derived naturally in the cold dark matter (CDM) paradigm. They actually proceeded to produce a
The tensor-vector-scalar theory and its cosmology
Over the last few decades, astronomers and cosmologists have accumulated vast amounts of data clearly demonstrating that our current theories of fundamental particles and of gravity are inadequate to
...
...