Bone resorbing activity and cytokine levels in gingival crevicular fluid before and after treatment of periodontal disease.
The effect of a preincubation period, in basic medium or in medium with inhibitors of prostaglandin biosynthesis, on the response to different stimulators of bone resorption has been studied in an organ culture system using calvarial bones from neonatal mice. Bone resorption was assessed either by the release of 45Ca or by the release of 3H from [3H]-proline labeled bones. Preincubated bones were cultured for 18-24 hr in medium, with and without indomethacin, hydrocortisone, and dexamethasone, and then extensively washed before being transferred to culture medium containing different stimulators of bone resorption. Preincubation in medium containing indomethacin or corticosteroids resulted in an increased response to parathyroid hormone (PTH), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), 1-alpha-hydroxyvitamin-D3 and thrombin as compared to the response in bones which were exposed to the stimulants directly after dissection. Preincubation in basic medium did not enhance the subsequent response to PTH. By using a preincubation period in indomethacin, the dose-response curves for the stimulatory effect of PTH and PGE2 on mineral mobilization could be sensitized as compared to the curves obtained with fresh bones. Thus, the concentration of agonists causing 50% stimulation of 45Ca release was decreased by a factor of 10. The threshold for actions of PTH and PGE2 on 45Ca release was 0.01-0.03 and 1-3 nmol/l, respectively.