Modification of flow and compressibility of corn starch using quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion method

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to improve flowability and compressibility characteristics of starch to use as a suitable excipient in direct compression tabletting. Quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion was used as a crystal modification method. MATERIALS AND METHODS Corn starch was dissolved in hydrochloric acid at 80°C and then ethanol as a non-solvent was added with lowering temperature until the formation of a precipitate of modified starch. Flow parameters, particle size and thermal behavior of the treated powders were compared with the native starch. Finally, the 1:1 mixture of naproxen and each excipient was tabletted, and hardness and friability of different tablets were evaluated. RESULTS Larger and well shaped agglomerates were formed which showed different thermal behavior. Treated starch exhibited suitable flow properties and tablets made by the treated powder had relatively high hardness. CONCLUSION It was found that recrystallization of corn starch by quasi emulsion solvent diffusion method could improve its flowability and compressibility characteristics.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Akhgari2014ModificationOF, title={Modification of flow and compressibility of corn starch using quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion method}, author={Abbas Akhgari and Hasti Sadeghi and Mohammad Ali Dabbagh}, booktitle={Iranian journal of basic medical sciences}, year={2014} }