Modes of climate variability: Synthesis and review of proxy-based reconstructions through the Holocene

  title={Modes of climate variability: Synthesis and review of proxy-based reconstructions through the Holocene},
  author={Armand Hern{\'a}ndez and Celia Martin-Puertas and Paola Moffa-Sanchez and Eduardo Moreno‐Chamarro and Pablo Ortega and S. P. E. Blockley and Kim M. Cobb and Laia Comas‐Bru and Santiago Giralt and Hugues Goosse and J{\"u}rg Luterbacher and Belen Martrat and Raimund Muscheler and Andrew C. Parnell and Sergi Pla‐Rab{\`e}s and Jesper Sjolte and Adam A. Scaife and Didier Swingedouw and Erika K. Wise and Guobao Xu},
  journal={Earth-Science Reviews},

External forcing mechanisms controlling the North Atlantic coastal upwelling regime during the mid-Holocene

Nearshore upwelling along the eastern North Atlantic margin regulates regional marine ecosystem productivity and thus impacts blue economies. While most global circulation models show an increase

Millennial Variations and a Mid-Holocene Step Change in Northern Mid-latitude Moisture Gradients 

  • B. Shuman
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2021
Holocene records reveal a constantly varying hydroclimate characterized by responses to precession punctuated by decadal-to-centennial ‘megadroughts’ and rapid state shifts. How such changes relate

Long-term trends in the Southern Annular Mode from transient Mid- to Late Holocene simulation with the IPSL-CM5A2 climate model

This study describes time evolution of the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) in Mid- to Late Holocene simulated with a state-of-the-art transient simulation of the last 6000 years carried out with the

Using Oscillatory Processes in Northern Hemisphere Proxy Temperature Records to Forecast Industrial-era Temperatures

  • J. Abbot
  • Environmental Science
    Earth Sciences
  • 2021
The validity and interpretation of differing representations of proxy temperature profiles from the past 2,000 years for the northern hemisphere remains controversial. One perspective of temperatures

The 1600 Huaynaputina Eruption as Possible Trigger for Persistent Cooling in the North Atlantic Region

Abstract. Paleoclimate reconstructions identify a period of exceptional summer and winter cooling in the North Atlantic region following the eruption of the tropical volcano Huaynaputina (Peru) in

The 1600 CE Huaynaputina eruption as a possible trigger for persistent cooling in the North Atlantic region

. Paleoclimate reconstructions have identified a period of exceptional summer and winter cooling in the North Atlantic region following the eruption of the tropical volcano Huaynaputina (Peru) in 1600

A multi-objective paleo-informed reconstruction of western US weather regimes over the past 600 years

Extreme weather variability has long posed difficulties for food, energy, and water systems in the Western US and is only projected to become more variable in a changing climate. The key to

Poleward expansion of tropical cyclone latitudes in warming climates

Tropical cyclones (TCs, also known as hurricanes and typhoons) generally form at low latitudes with access to the warm waters of the tropical oceans, but far enough off the equator to allow planetary



A Review of Paleo El Niño-Southern Oscillation

The Earth has seen El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)—the leading mode of interannual climate variability—for at least millennia and likely over millions of years. This paper reviews previous

Using simulations of the last millennium to understand climate variability seen in palaeo-observations: similar variation of Iceland–Scotland overflow strength and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation

Abstract. A recent palaeo-reconstruction of the strength of the Iceland–Scotland overflow during the last 600 years suggests that its low-frequency variability exhibits strong similarity with

Stability of weather regimes during the last millennium from climate simulations

The variability of the extra‐tropical atmospheric circulation and its potential dependence on external forcings have been debated topics in climate modeling and observation communities. A recent

A Review of the Role of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in Atlantic Multidecadal Variability and Associated Climate Impacts

By synthesizing recent studies employing a wide range of approaches (modern observations, paleo reconstructions, and climate model simulations), this paper provides a comprehensive review of the

Climate Variability and Change since 850 CE: An Ensemble Approach with the Community Earth System Model

AbstractThe climate of the past millennium provides a baseline for understanding the background of natural climate variability upon which current anthropogenic changes are superimposed. As this

Global-scale multidecadal variability missing in state-of-the-art climate models

Reliability of future global warming projections depends on how well climate models reproduce the observed climate change over the twentieth century. In this regard, deviations of the model-simulated

Evolution and forcing mechanisms of El Niño over the past 21,000 years

A series of transient Coupled General Circulation Model simulations forced by changes in greenhouse gasses, orbital forcing, the meltwater discharge and the ice-sheet history throughout the past 21,000 years show an orbitally induced strengthening of ENSO during the Holocene epoch.

Influence of mean climate change on climate variability from a 155-year tropical Pacific coral record

The results suggest that variability in the tropical Pacific is linked to the region’s mean climate, and that changes in both have occurred during periods of natural as well as anthropogenic climate forcing.