Modernization: Theories and Facts

  title={Modernization: Theories and Facts},
  author={Adam Przeworski and Fernando Papaterra Limongi Neto},
  journal={World Politics},
  pages={155 - 183}
What makes political regimes rise, endure, and fall? The main question is whether the observed close relation between levels of economic development and the incidence of democratic regimes is due to democracies being more likely to emerge or only more likely to survive in the more developed countries. We answer this question using data concerning 135 countries that existed at any time between 1950 and 1990. We find that the level of economic development does not affect the probability of… 

Democratic Stability: A Long View

  • F. Carugati
  • Economics, Political Science
    Annual Review of Political Science
  • 2020
What are the sources of democratic stability? The evidence from three modern waves suggests that stability rests on economic growth, strong states, and liberal institutions. But can we secure

Democracy and the Class Struggle1

Why do societies today distribute political power more equally than before? Most scholars believe that this transition is explained by the rise of capitalism but have long disagreed about why it

The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Latin American Democratization since 1978: Democratic Transitions, Breakdowns, and Erosions

© Cambridge University Press 2005. What explains the remarkable burst of democratization that Latin America experienced between 1978 and 1992? And what explains the stagnation of democratization

Capitalism, Democracy, and Countermajoritarian Institutions

Is democracy compatible with thriving markets that produce long-term prosperity? To survive, a thriving market-economy requires restrictions on political choice, including the rule of law, secure

Democratization and the Economy in Mexico: Equilibrium (PRI) Hegemony and its Demise

In this paper, we address the following fundamental question: Why do citizens acquiesce in regimes of which they obviously disapprove? Around the world, regimes survive despite rampant corruption, an

Correction: The Dynamics of Democracy, Development and Cultural Values

It is shown that the level of Human Development Index (HDI) in a country drives first democracy and then higher emancipation of citizens, which gives strong empirical evidence against a popular political science theory, known as the Human Development Sequence.

The Dynamics of Democracy, Development and Cultural Values

It is shown that the level of Human Development Index (HDI) in a country drives first democracy and then higher emancipation of citizens, and there is a limit to the growth of wealth, set by higher emancipation.

Authoritarian Reversals and Democratic Consolidation

I present a new empirical approach to the study of democratic consolidation. This approach leads to new insights into the determinants of democratic consolidation that cannot be obtained with

Reevaluating the Modernization Hypothesis

This paper revisits and critically re-evaluates the widely-accepted modernization hypothesis which claims that per capita income causes the creation and the consolidation of democracy. We argue that

Economic development and democracy revisited: Why dependency theory is not yet dead

It is generally accepted that there is a relationship between economic development and democracy which can be demonstrated by quantitative empirical evidence. The difficulties of validating the



Democracy and Economic Development: Modernization Theory Revisited

Interest in the relationships between society and politics is as old as written history. Ecological theories, suggesting a relation between the geographic location of homelands and the personalities

The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century

Between 1974 and 1990 more than 30 countries in Southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government. This global democratic

The Impact of Economic Development on Democracy

Any account of the social and economic conditions of democracy must come to terms with the central finding of the cross-national statistical research: a sturdy (though not perfect) association

Industrialization, Labor Controls, and Democracy

Analyses of underdeveloped economies leave one with a curiously ambivalent impression about the appropriateness of democratic political institutions for the range of problems confronting a society

On the Relation of Economic Development to Democratic Performance

The relationship between economic growth and democratic political development has been the subject of considerable study. While most analysts have argued that the latter is a positive function of the

Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy

  • S. Lipset
  • Sociology, Political Science
    American Political Science Review
  • 1959
The conditions associated with the existence and stability of democratic society have been a leading concern of political philosophy. In this paper the problem is attacked from a sociological and

The Transformation of the Western State: The Growth of Democracy, Autocracy, and State Power Since 1800

This article uses POLITY II, a new dataset on the authority traits of 155 countries, to assess some general historical arguments about the dynamics of political change in Europe and Latin America

Comparative Democracy: The Economic Development Thesis

In comparative politics, an established finding—that economic development fosters democratic performance—has recently come under challenge. We counter this challenge with a dynamic pooled time series

Poverty, the Coup Trap, and the Seizure of Executive Power

The transfer of power through the use of military force is a commonplace event in world affairs. Although no two coups d'etat are alike, they all have a common denominator: poverty. We analyze

Freedom in the World: Political Rights and Civil Liberties, 1984-1985

  • R. Gastil
  • Political Science
    American Political Science Review
  • 1985
The Comparative Survey of Freedom is an institutional effort by Freedom House to monitor the progress and decline of political rights and civil lib-erties in 191 nations and 59 related territories.