Modern approaches in primary exstrophy closure.

  title={Modern approaches in primary exstrophy closure.},
  author={J. Todd Purves},
  journal={Seminars in pediatric surgery},
  volume={20 2},
Until the 1970s, bladder exstrophy was a frequently fatal birth defect that, at the very least, conferred a shortened life span with devastating consequences for afflicted patients. Beginning with the modern era of surgical management, survival has become routine, and now the focus is on optimizing a near-normal return to function and cosmesis while limiting the frequency and morbidity of reconstructive procedures. Here we discuss the most frequently used strategies, their principles, and most… CONTINUE READING

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