Modern Views of Autism

  title={Modern Views of Autism},
  author={Eric Fombonne},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={503 - 505}
  • E. Fombonne
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
In a seminal paper describing the first 11 cases of autism, Kanner pointed to the innate disturbance of affective contact occurring in the infancy of these children and to unusual personality traits in their parents (1). These observations could have indicated genetic mechanisms underlying the syndrome; however, the predominance of psychoanalytical theories and the particular focus on maternal deprivation in post–World War II child psychiatry led to misconceptions of autism as an infant’s… 

Chapter 10 History of autism spectrum disorders

A 5-year-old male who was admitted to the Bethlem Asylum in 1799 with a medical history that included a case of measles when he was 1 year old, and could not learn to read and always referred to himself in the third person is described.

The Financial Side of Autism: Private and Public Costs

First identified by Leo Kanner in the early 1940s, autism is a biologically based developmental disorder that impairs an individual’s ability to communicate, build relationships, and relate

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Intervention, and Counseling Needs of the Families in Jordan

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is one of the most confusing disorders for which not only no exact cause has been identified, but also no definitive cure has been found yet. Autism is a disorder that

Review on Autism Spectrum Disorder

There is no cure for ASD, it’s a lifelong disorder but some prevention may decrease the risk of getting this disorder.

‘In a World of her Own…’: Re-presenting alienation and emotion in the lives and writings of women with autism

The term autism derives from the Greek autos (meaning ‘self’)—it connotes separation, aloneness—and descriptions of those diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) frequently suggest they are

Autism in Children: Clinical Features, Management and Challenges

Creating awareness, improving skills in its diagnosis and optimal management will promote better outcome in affected children, and the exact cause is unknown and there is no cure for it.

‘Wired up differently’: Autism, adolescence and the politics of neurological identities

With the rapid rise in neuroscience research in the last two decades, neuroscientific claims have travelled far beyond the laboratory and increasingly, ‘facts’ about the brain have entered the

Autism- towards comprehensive assessment and management

Robust research from the developing and low-income countries focusing on ASD prevalence, etiological risk factors and presentation patterns is still lacking, and a collaborative approach with international partners is imperative to develop research, training and services for developmental disorders within the current and existing health systems.

Autism Identity and the "Lost Generation": Structural Validation of the Autism Spectrum Identity Scale (ASIS) and Comparison of Diagnosed and Self-Diagnosed Adults on the Autism Spectrum.

The profile of self-diagnosed participants matches the profile hypothesized for the "lost generation" and others at risk of being under-identified for autism and both populations appear to be similarly struggling with employment, stigma, and quality of life.



Infantile autism reviewed: a decade of research.

The overwhelming evidence suggests that te treatment of choice for maximal benefit to autistic children is a systematic, intrusive behavioral/educational approach, and the typical prognostic picture is poor in terms of achieving self-supportive adulthood.

The prevalence of autism.

The findings of a survey that found a rate of 34 per 10000 for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) among 3to 10-year-old children in metropolitan Atlanta suggest that these differences might reflect new diagnostic criteria for autism and increased availability of developmental disability services for children with autism in the 1990s.

Epidemiological Surveys of Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders: An Update

  • E. Fombonne
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2003
There is evidence that changes in case definition and improved awareness explain much of the upward trend of rates in recent decades, however, available epidemiological surveys do not provide an adequate test of the hypothesis of a changing incidence of PDDs.

Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool children.

The authors' results suggest that rates of PDD are higher than previously reported, and attention is nevertheless drawn to the important needs of a substantial minority of preschool children.

Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children.

  • O. I. Lovaas
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1987
The results of behavior modification treatment for two groups of similarly constituted, young autistic children showed that 47% achieved normal intellectual and educational functioning, with normal-range IQ scores and successful first grade performance in public schools.

MMR and autistic enterocolitis: consistent epidemiological failure to find an association

Taylor et al found a significant association between regression and bowel symptoms, but only 6.6% of the entire sample showed this combined set of problems and no association with exposure to MMR or increase over time was detected.

No evidence for a new variant of measles-mumps-rubella-induced autism.

MMR immunization was not associated with a shift toward an earlier age for first parental concerns and is not suggestive of an increased frequency of this form of pervasive developmental disorder in samples of children who are immunized with MMR.

The Empty Fortress: Infantile Autism and the Birth of the Self

Psychoanalysis has long represented itself as being not only a treatment tool but a method of research, but even the most died-in-the-wool, orthodox analyst would not in this day and age claim that self-understanding can come in no other ways than through his chosen discipline.

Thimerosal and autism?

Whether, according to evidence now available, thimerosal is a probable cause of autism is asked, whether current evidence indicates that mercury at any known dose, form, duration, age, or route of exposure leads to autism.

Short-term treatment outcome using parents as co-therapists for their own autistic children.

  • A. Short
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1984
Data are presented which suggest a positive change with treatment in parent-child interaction patterns and a lack of change in independent play is noted, which could have implications for treatment, prognosis and future outcome research.