Modern Views of Autism

  title={Modern Views of Autism},
  author={Eric Fombonne},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={503 - 505}
  • E. Fombonne
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
In a seminal paper describing the first 11 cases of autism, Kanner pointed to the innate disturbance of affective contact occurring in the infancy of these children and to unusual personality traits in their parents (1). These observations could have indicated genetic mechanisms underlying the syndrome; however, the predominance of psychoanalytical theories and the particular focus on maternal deprivation in post–World War II child psychiatry led to misconceptions of autism as an infant’s… 
Chapter 10 History of autism spectrum disorders
Child psychiatrist Leo Kanner (pronounced “Konner;” Feinstein, 2010, p. 19) published a ground-breaking paper in 1943 that introduced the world to the present-day concept of autism (Fombonne, 2003;
The Financial Side of Autism: Private and Public Costs
First identified by Leo Kanner in the early 1940s, autism is a biologically based developmental disorder that impairs an individual’s ability to communicate, build relationships, and relate
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Intervention, and Counseling Needs of the Families in Jordan
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is one of the most confusing disorders for which not only no exact cause has been identified, but also no definitive cure has been found yet. Autism is a disorder that
Review on Autism Spectrum Disorder
There is no cure for ASD, it’s a lifelong disorder but some prevention may decrease the risk of getting this disorder.
‘In a World of her Own…’: Re-presenting alienation and emotion in the lives and writings of women with autism
The term autism derives from the Greek autos (meaning ‘self’)—it connotes separation, aloneness—and descriptions of those diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) frequently suggest they are
Autism in Children: Clinical Features, Management and Challenges
Creating awareness, improving skills in its diagnosis and optimal management will promote better outcome in affected children, and the exact cause is unknown and there is no cure for it.
‘Wired up differently’: Autism, adolescence and the politics of neurological identities
With the rapid rise in neuroscience research in the last two decades, neuroscientific claims have travelled far beyond the laboratory and increasingly, ‘facts’ about the brain have entered the
Autism- towards comprehensive assessment and management
Robust research from the developing and low-income countries focusing on ASD prevalence, etiological risk factors and presentation patterns is still lacking, and a collaborative approach with international partners is imperative to develop research, training and services for developmental disorders within the current and existing health systems.
AUTISM, AN OVERWHELMING CONDITION: HISTORY, ETIOPATHOGENESIS, TYPES, DIAGNOSIS, THERAPY AND PROGNOSIS (Abstract): Autism is defined as a neurologic developmental disorder affecting brain and


Infantile autism reviewed: a decade of research.
The overwhelming evidence suggests that te treatment of choice for maximal benefit to autistic children is a systematic, intrusive behavioral/educational approach, and the typical prognostic picture is poor in terms of achieving self-supportive adulthood.
The Empty Fortress: Infantile Autism and the Birth of the Self.
This book combines much previous work into a rather entrancing presentation of three seriously disturbed, autistic children with a presentation of the behavorial and emotional processes seen in such children.
Follow-Up Studies
Follow-up studies of autistic children have two general aims: (a) to describe what such individuals are like in later life (i.e., the course and outcome of the autistic condition), and (b) to
The prevalence of autism.
The findings of a survey that found a rate of 34 per 10000 for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) among 3to 10-year-old children in metropolitan Atlanta suggest that these differences might reflect new diagnostic criteria for autism and increased availability of developmental disability services for children with autism in the 1990s.
Epidemiological Surveys of Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders: An Update
  • E. Fombonne
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2003
There is evidence that changes in case definition and improved awareness explain much of the upward trend of rates in recent decades, however, available epidemiological surveys do not provide an adequate test of the hypothesis of a changing incidence of PDDs.
Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool children.
The authors' results suggest that rates of PDD are higher than previously reported, and attention is nevertheless drawn to the important needs of a substantial minority of preschool children.
Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children.
  • O. I. Lovaas
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1987
The results of behavior modification treatment for two groups of similarly constituted, young autistic children showed that 47% achieved normal intellectual and educational functioning, with normal-range IQ scores and successful first grade performance in public schools.
MMR and autistic enterocolitis: consistent epidemiological failure to find an association
Taylor et al found a significant association between regression and bowel symptoms, but only 6.6% of the entire sample showed this combined set of problems and no association with exposure to MMR or increase over time was detected.
No evidence for a new variant of measles-mumps-rubella-induced autism.
MMR immunization was not associated with a shift toward an earlier age for first parental concerns and is not suggestive of an increased frequency of this form of pervasive developmental disorder in samples of children who are immunized with MMR.
Studies in the Childhood Psychoses
1. Three major groups of psychoses in child hood can be distinguished by their age of onset: under 3 years, 3-5 years and over 5 years. 2. Diagnostic criteria are proposed for the first and third