Modern Attitudes Toward Older Adults in the Aging World: A Cross-Cultural Meta-Analysis.

  title={Modern Attitudes Toward Older Adults in the Aging World: A Cross-Cultural Meta-Analysis.},
  author={Michael S. North and Susan T. Fiske},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={141 5},
Prevailing beliefs suggest that Eastern cultures hold older adults in higher esteem than Western cultures do, due to stronger collectivist traditions of filial piety. However, in modern, industrialized societies, the strain presented by dramatic rises in population aging potentially threatens traditional cultural expectations. Addressing these competing hypotheses, a literature search located 37 eligible papers, comprising samples from 23 countries and 21,093 total participants, directly… 
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Cultural aging stereotypes in European Countries: Are they a risk to Active Aging?
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Attitudes toward aging and older adults in Arab culture
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Ageism from a cross-cultural perspective: results from a national survey of Israelis over the age of 50.
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Does Aging Identity Moderate the Impact of Experiences with Familial Ageism on Well-Being?
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Multiple Sources of Aging Attitudes: Perceptions of Age Groups and Generations From Adolescence to Old Age Across China, Germany, and the United States
Emerging evidence suggests that people not only categorize themselves and others based on age but also in terms of their generational membership. This cross-cultural study compared attitudes and
Cultural differences in susceptibility to stereotype threat: France vs. India.
French older adults have more negative implicit attitudes towards aging than Indian older adults and culture modulates age-based stereotype threat effects, which have important implications for understanding how cultural contexts change aging effects on human cognition and age-related difference in cognitive performance.


Students’ Attitudes Toward Older People: A Cross-Cultural Comparison
There is a popular belief that attitudes toward older people are predominantly negative in Western cultures and positive in Eastern cultures. In the light of social and cultural changes in these
Results indicate that gerontocratic traditions within a given society do not necessarily insulate the aged from negative stereotyping.
Perceptions of Aging in Two Cultures: Korean and American Views on Old Age
In both cultures, the older adults had greater psychological concerns and fear of losses than did the younger groups, and American women showed more anxiety about aging and concerns over physical appearance than their male counterparts.
Undergraduate Students' Knowledge about Aging and Attitudes toward Older Adults in East and West: A Socio-Economic and Cultural Exploration
  • C. Huang
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    International journal of aging & human development
  • 2013
The data suggest that, within the limits of the sampling, the tradition of respecting older adults in eastern cultures may have weakened gradually, and the modernization theory that assumes industrialization devalues aging populations appears to be supported in eastern countries but not in western countries.
Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates.
Cross-cultural variations in aging perceptions were associated with culture-level indicators of population aging, education levels, values, and national character stereotypes and were stronger for societal views on aging and perceptions of socioemotional changes than for perceptions of physical and cognitive changes.
Older adults' trait ratings of three age-groups around the Pacific rim
Assessment of traits that older adults associate with younger, middle-aged, and older adults in five Pacific Rim nations from Western and Eastern cultural traditions finds cross-cultural trends which replicate patterns found in the US context.
Communication Beliefs About Youth and Old Age in Asia and Canada
This work highlights the importance of assessing both positive and negative age beliefs in cross-cultural comparisons, and in line with recent investigations of the multidimensional impact of Eastern traditions, greater positivity toward older adults was not observed in Asia.
Correcting Cross-Cultural Stereotypes: Aging in Shanghai and Canada
  • N. Chappell
  • Medicine
    Journal of cross-cultural gerontology
  • 2003
The data suggest that there are cross-cultural universals, with particularistic forms, that appear to be universal in their affects on the authors' subjective quality of life and when examining caregivers there are many differences evident across the cultures.
Attitudes to ageing and expectations for filial piety across Chinese and British cultures: A pilot exploratory evaluation
An interesting pattern of results emerged suggesting that both Chinese groups remain invested in the concept of FP, whereas the UK sample was not, and the Chinese immigrants and the UK participants were more similar in reporting attitudes to ageing than the Chinese participants who were more likely to endorse a loss-deficit view of ageing.
Aging and Wisdom
Responses showed that wisdom (e.g., recognition of multiple perspectives, the limits of personal knowledge, and the importance of compromise) increased with increasing age among Americans, but older age was not associated with wiser responses among Japanese, and younger and middle-aged Japanese showed greater use of wise-reasoning strategies.