Moderate alcohol drinking and risk of preterm birth

  title={Moderate alcohol drinking and risk of preterm birth},
  author={Fabio Parazzini and Liliane Chatenoud and Matteo Surace and Luca Tozzi and Barbara Salerio and Giuseppe Bettoni and Guido Benzi},
  journal={European Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
Objective: We have analysed the association between alcohol drinking before and during the three trimesters of pregnancy and risk of preterm birth of babies with normal weight for gestational age or with low weight for gestational age (SGA).Design: Case–control study.Setting: General and university hospitals in Italy.Subjects: Cases were 502 women who delivered preterm births <37 weeks gestation. The controls included 1966 women who gave birth at term (≥37 weeks of gestation) to healthy infants… 

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Compared with no consumption, a low consumption of coffee during pregnancy may not have significant effects on preterm birth.

Maternal alcohol intake prior to and during pregnancy and risk of adverse birth outcomes: evidence from a British cohort

It is found the first trimester to be the period most sensitive to the effect of alcohol on the developing fetus, and women should be advised to abstain from alcohol when planning to conceive and throughout pregnancy.

Increased risk of preterm birth among non- smoking, non- alcohol drinking women with maternal periodontitis.

It is suggested that periodontitis may increase the risk of preterm delivery even among women who do not smoke or drink.

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Glycemic properties of maternal diet in relation to preterm delivery and abnormal birth weight

Maternal diet may be an important risk factor for preterm delivery and food quality may be relevant for SGA and LGA risks.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Coffee drinking and risk of preterm birth

There was inverse association for coffee consumption in the third trimester of pregnancy in SGA cases compared to NGA (heterogeneity test between OR: w1), suggesting that coffee drinking before and during the three trimesters of pregnancy may be associated with preterm birth.

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Women who engaged in health compromising behaviors during pregnancy showed an increased proportion of preterm births compared to those who did not, suggesting there is significant interaction between these behaviors leading to higher rates of pre term births than predicted by their additive effects.

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Data of mothers delivering a singleton live infant and their newborns during the two years up to August 2014 were collected and multiple linear regression was used to estimate the association between gestational age and variables studied.



Does Alcohol Increase the Risk of Preterm Delivery?

Assessment of the association between alcohol intake during pregnancy and preterm delivery in women attending routine antenatal care at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark from 1989–1991 and 1992–1996 did not change the conclusions.

The Association of Moderate Maternal and Paternal Alcohol Consumption with Birthweight and Gestational Age

Examining the joint effect of smoking with alcohol consumption revealed associations that differed by outcome; the authors found a synergistic effect for low birthweight, but not for intrauterine growth retardation.

Fetal growth and moderate drinking in early pregnancy.

It is suggested that risk of decreased intrauterine growth begins very early in pregnancy, and that fetal response to later alcohol use may vary with sex of the child.

The Effect of Maternal Drinking before Conception and in Early Pregnancy on Infant Birthweight

Infants born to women who reported drinking one to two drinks daily with at least one binge, or three or more drink daily with or without binges, had an adjusted mean birthweight approximately 150 gm less than that of infants whose mothers reported abstaining during (but not before) pregnancy.

Maternal Smoking, Alcohol Drinking, Caffeine Consumption, and Fetal Growth: Results from a Prospective Study

This study implicates heavy maternal smoking at any point in pregnancy, including solely in the early months, and possibly moderate alcohol drinking as causes of low birthweight.

Effects of birth weight of alcohol and caffeine consumption during pregnancy.

It is indicated that alcohol reduces birth weight, but do not support the hypothesis of an interaction between smoking and alcohol consumption.

Prenatal exposure to alcohol: effect on infant growth and morphologic characteristics.

Low birth weight, decreased head circumference and length, and an increased rate of fetal alcohol effects were all found to be significantly correlated with exposure to alcohol during the first 2 months of the first trimester.

The Preterm Prediction Study: association of second-trimester genitourinary chlamydia infection with subsequent spontaneous preterm birth.

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