Models of the self: self-construals and gender.

@article{Cross1997ModelsOT,
  title={Models of the self: self-construals and gender.},
  author={Susan E. Cross and Laura Madson},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={1997},
  volume={122 1},
  pages={
          5-37
        }
}
The authors first describe individual differences in the structure of the self. In the independent self-construal, representations of others are separate from the self. In the interdependent self-construal, others are considered part of the self (H. Markus & S. Kitayama, 1991). In general, men in the United States are thought to construct and maintain an independent self-construal, whereas women are thought to construct and maintain an interdependent self-construal. The authors review the… Expand

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