Modelling the False Alarm and Missed Detection Rate for Electronic Watermarks

  title={Modelling the False Alarm and Missed Detection Rate for Electronic Watermarks},
  author={Jean-Paul M. G. Linnartz and Ton Kalker and Geert Depovere},
  booktitle={Information Hiding},
Theoretical modeling of watermarks allow prediction of the detector reliability and facilitates the development of more reliable systems. In particular, mathematical evaluation is relevant to estimate the rate at which \false alarms" occur. In this paper, the probability of incorrect detection (missed detection or false alarm) is expressed in terms of the watermark-energy-to-image-luminance-variance ratio. We present some counterintuitive results which show for instance that the reliability of… CONTINUE READING
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