• Corpus ID: 17495596

Modelling Crowd Dynamics During Evacuation Situations Using Simulation

  title={Modelling Crowd Dynamics During Evacuation Situations Using Simulation},
  author={Hugo C. Winter},
Evacuation of people during emergency situations is a crucial aspect when considering building design. Recently, numerous simulation methods have been constructed to provide insight during building development. The aim of this paper is to understand the causes of crowd disasters and review the simulation methods that are currently in use. Advantages and disadvantages of the different methods will be discussed as well as work that lies at the forefront of current research in this area. 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Multiagent Model of People Evacuation from Premises while Emergency

The multi-agent model of emergency evacuation process in case of limited space conditions is offered and allows to investigate the state and behavior of people in emergency and determine the time of their evacuation.

Using Crowd Modelling in Evacuation Decision Making

If evacuation is inescapable, a decision maker can use crowd modelling to define the quickest and safest evacuation routes, and this kind of decision support will reduce the number of deaths that occur before and during an evacuation.

Robot-Assisted Crowd Evacuation under Emergency Situations: A Survey

Current state-of-the-art robotic technologies that have been deployed in the simulation of crowd evacuation, including both macroscopic and microscopic models used in simulating a crowd are reviewed.

Placement of stewards for egress

  • M. Harish
  • Mathematics
    2016 IEEE International WIE Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (WIECON-ECE)
  • 2016
Evacuation planning is extremely important, as it seeks to ensure the safety of individuals involved in the egress from an area. There have been different approaches proposed in crowd control. In

Modeling and simulation of evacuation behavior using fuzzy logic in a goal finding application

The results show that the inclusion of fuzzy attributes made the evacuation time of the agents closer to the real time drills, and the approach of utilizing fuzzy logic to show learning and adaptive behavior of agents in a goal finding application is very encouraging.

On the interplay between behavioral dynamics and social interactions in human crowds

This paper provides an overview and critical analysis on the modeling and applications of the dynamics of human crowds, where social interactions can have an important influence on the behavioral

Crowd Control in Public Building Designs: Current Trend andStrategies for Ecclesiastical Buildings in Abuja, Nigeria

Ecclesiastical buildings are public buildings as well as religious buildings that are built to domicile Christian worshippers as they congregate for the said purpose. From its beginning, a critical



Modeling crowd evacuation of a building based on seven methodological approaches

A multi-agent based framework for the simulation of human and social behaviors during emergency evacuations

This paper presents a multi-agent based framework for simulating human and social behavior during emergency evacuation, which is able to demonstrate some emergent behaviors, such as competitive, queuing, and herding behaviors.

Modeling cooperative and competitive behaviors in emergency evacuation: A game-theoretical approach

Simulation of pedestrian crowds in normal and evacuation situations

Starting with a short review of the available literature in the field of pedestrian and evacuation research, an overview is given over the observed collective phenomena in pedestrian crowds. This

Pedestrian, Crowd and Evacuation Dynamics

Self-organization Spontaneous organization not induced by initial or boundary conditions, by regulations or constraints, and it often causes different kinds of spatio-temporal patterns of motion, which are caused by social interactions rather than by physical interactions or fields.

Exit dynamics of occupant evacuation in an emergency