BACKGROUND Quinoline 2-oxidoreductase (Qor) is a member of molybdenum hydroxylase which catalyzes the oxidation of quinoline (2, 3 benzopyridine) to 1-hydro-2-oxoquinoline. Qor has biological and medicinal significances. Qor is known to metabolize drugs produced from quinoline for the treatment of malaria, arthritis, and lupus for many years. However, the mechanistic action by which Qor oxidizes quinoline has not been investigated either experimentally or theoretically. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The present study was intended to determine the interaction site of quinoline, predict the transition state structure, and probe a plausible mechanistic route for the oxidative hydroxylation of quinoline in the reductive half-reaction active site of Qor. RESULTS Density functional theory calculations have been carried out in order to understand the events taking place during the oxidative hydroxylation of quinoline in the reductive half-reaction active site of Qor. The most electropositivity and the lowest percentage contribution to the HOMO are shown at C2 of quinoline compared to the other carbon atoms. The transition state structure of quinoline bound to the active site has been confirmed by one imaginary negative frequency of -104.500/s and -1.2365899E+06 transition state energies. The Muliken atomic charges, the bond distances, and the bond order profiles were determined to characterize the transition state structure and the reaction mechanism. CONCLUSION The results have shown that C2 is the preferred locus of interaction of quinoline to interact with the active site of Qor. The transition state structure of quinoline bound to the active site has been confirmed by one imaginary negative frequency. Moreover, the presence of partial negative charges on hydrogen at the transitions state suggested hydride transfer. Similarly, results obtained from total energy, iconicity and molecular orbital analyses supported a concerted reaction mechanism.