Modeling the hemispherical scanning, below-canopy lidar and vegetation structure characteristics with a geometric-optical and radiative-transfer model

@inproceedings{NiMeister2008ModelingTH,
  title={Modeling the hemispherical scanning, below-canopy lidar and vegetation structure characteristics with a geometric-optical and radiative-transfer model},
  author={Wenge Ni-Meister and Alan H. Strahler and Curtis E. Woodcock and Crystal Schaaf and David L. B. Jupp and Tian Yao and Feng Zhao and Xiaoyuan Yang},
  year={2008}
}
This study applied a hybrid canopy geometric optical and radiative transfer (GORT) model to study the vegetation structure characteristics and lidar signals from a terrestrial below-canopy lidar instrument, Echidna Validation Instrument (EVI), developed by CSIRO Australia. Off-nadir scans from the below-canopy lidar show strong laser energy returns from both leaves and tree trunks. The GORT model was modified to include the effect of both leaves and trunks on below-canopy lidar energy returns… CONTINUE READING

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