Average structural analysis of the extractable material of young soot gathered in an ethylene inverse diffusion flame
The growth of hydrocarbon molecules up to sizes of incipient soot is computed in premixed laminar flames using kinetic Monte Carlo and molecular dynamic methodologies (AMPI code). This approach is designed to preserve atomistic scale structure (bonds, bond angles, dihedral angles) as soot precursors evolve into three-dimensional structures. Application of this code to aliphatic (acetylene) and aromatic (benzene) flame environments is able to explain results in the literature on the differences in properties of soot precursors from these two classes of flames, particularly relating to H/C ratio, particle sphericity, and depolarization ratio. 2004 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.