Modeling cadmium and nickel toxicity to earthworms with the free ion approach.

@article{Qiu2014ModelingCA,
  title={Modeling cadmium and nickel toxicity to earthworms with the free ion approach.},
  author={Hao Qiu and Martina G Vijver and Cornelis A M van Gestel and Erkai He and Willie J G M Peijnenburg},
  journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry},
  year={2014},
  volume={33 2},
  pages={438-46}
}
The use of the free ion approach to quantify the toxic effects of Cd and Ni to the earthworms Lumbricus rubellus and Aporrectodea longa exposed in soils of different types was explored. Median lethal concentration (LC50) of Cd (expressed as the total concentration in soil) varied by approximately 11-fold and 28-fold for L. rubellus and A. longa… CONTINUE READING