Modeling and Optimization of Crowd Guidance for Building Emergency Evacuation

  title={Modeling and Optimization of Crowd Guidance for Building Emergency Evacuation},
  author={Peng Wang and Peter B. Luh and Shi-Chung Chang and Jin Sun},
Building emergency evacuation has long been recognized as an important issue, and crowd guidance is a key to improve egress efficiency and occupant survivability. Most existing methods assume that crowd behaviors are independent of emergency situations and are fully controllable under guidance. This assumption makes it difficult to capture important features such as stampeding or blocking. In this paper, a probabilistic model is developed to characterize how fire propagation affects crowds in… CONTINUE READING
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