Modeling and Generating Tone Contour with Phrase Intonation for Mandarin Chinese Speech

@article{Wu2008ModelingAG,
  title={Modeling and Generating Tone Contour with Phrase Intonation for Mandarin Chinese Speech},
  author={Zhizheng Wu and Zhiliang Hong and Frank K. Soong and Bo Zhang},
  journal={2008 6th International Symposium on Chinese Spoken Language Processing},
  year={2008},
  pages={1-4}
}
This paper models F0 curves with discrete cosine transform (DCT) representations on both syllable-level tone and phrase-level intonation for Chinese Mandarin speech. Decision trees growing with maximum likelihood (ML) and stopping with minimum description length (MDL) are used to cluster very rich context-dependent DCT models into generalized ones to predict unseen contexts in test robustly. Additionally, we propose to generate Mandarin tone contours by jointly optimizing FO contours of… CONTINUE READING