Modeling Risk‐Related Knowledge in Tunneling Projects

  title={Modeling Risk‐Related Knowledge in Tunneling Projects},
  author={Ibsen Chivat{\'a} C{\'a}rdenas and Saad H. S. Al-Jibouri and Johannes I. M. Halman and Frits A. van Tol},
  journal={Risk Analysis},
Knowledge on failure events and their associated factors, gained from past construction projects, is regarded as potentially extremely useful in risk management. However, a number of circumstances are constraining its wider use. Such knowledge is usually scarce, seldom documented, and even unavailable when it is required. Further, there exists a lack of proven methods to integrate and analyze it in a cost‐effective way. This article addresses possible options to overcome these difficulties… 

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