Modeling Perceived Emotion With Continuous Musical Features

@article{Schubert2004ModelingPE,
  title={Modeling Perceived Emotion With Continuous Musical Features},
  author={Emery Schubert},
  journal={Music Perception},
  year={2004},
  volume={21},
  pages={561-585}
}
The relationship between musical features and perceived emotion was investigated by using continuous response methodology and time-series analysis. Sixty-seven participants responded to four pieces of Romantic music expressing different emotions. Responses were sampled once per second on a two-dimensional emotion space (happy-sad valence and aroused-sleepy). Musical feature variables of loudness, tempo, melodic contour, texture, and spectral centroid (related to perceived timbral sharpness… 
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