Modeling-Oriented Assessment in K-12 Science Education: A synthesis of research from 1980 to 2013 and new directions

@article{Namdar2015ModelingOrientedAI,
  title={Modeling-Oriented Assessment in K-12 Science Education: A synthesis of research from 1980 to 2013 and new directions},
  author={Bahadir Namdar and Ji Shen},
  journal={International Journal of Science Education},
  year={2015},
  volume={37},
  pages={1023 - 993}
}
Scientific modeling has been advocated as one of the core practices in recent science education policy initiatives. In modeling-based instruction (MBI), students use, construct, and revise models to gain scientific knowledge and inquiry skills. Oftentimes, the benefits of MBI have been documented using assessments targeting students’ conceptual understanding or affective domains. Fewer studies have used assessments directly built on the ideas of modeling. The purpose of this study is to… 

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