Model for cascading failures in complex networks.

@article{Crucitti2004ModelFC,
  title={Model for cascading failures in complex networks.},
  author={Paolo Crucitti and Vito Latora and Massimo Marchiori},
  journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics},
  year={2004},
  volume={69 4 Pt 2},
  pages={
          045104
        }
}
Large but rare cascades triggered by small initial shocks are present in most of the infrastructure networks. Here we present a simple model for cascading failures based on the dynamical redistribution of the flow on the network. We show that the breakdown of a single node is sufficient to collapse the efficiency of the entire system if the node is among the ones with largest load. This is particularly important for real-world networks with a highly hetereogeneous distribution of loads as the… 

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