Model-based 3D gait biometrics

Abstract

There have as yet been few gait biometrics approaches which use temporal 3D data. Clearly, 3D gait data conveys more information than 2D data and it is also the natural representation of human gait perceived by human. In this paper we explore the potential of using model-based methods in a 3D volumetric (voxel) gait dataset. We use a structural model including articulated cylinders with 3D Degrees of Freedom (DoF) at each joint to model the human lower legs. We develop a simple yet effective model-fitting algorithm using this gait model, correlation filter and a dynamic programming approach. Human gait kinematics trajectories are then extracted by fitting the gait model into the gait data. At each frame we generate a correlation energy map between the gait model and the data. Dynamic programming is used to extract the gait kinematics trajectories by selecting the most likely path in the whole sequence. We are successfully able to extract both gait structural and dynamics features. Some of the features extracted here are inherently unique to 3D data. Analysis on a database of 46 subjects each with 4 sample sequences, shows an encouraging correct classification rate and suggests that 3D features can contribute even more.

DOI: 10.1109/IJCB.2011.6117582

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ariyanto2011Modelbased3G, title={Model-based 3D gait biometrics}, author={Gunawan Ariyanto and Mark S. Nixon}, booktitle={IJCB}, year={2011} }