Modality and Morphology

@article{Rapp2015ModalityAM,
  title={Modality and Morphology},
  author={Brenda Rapp and Simon Fischer-Baum and Michele Miozzo},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={26},
  pages={892 - 902}
}
Written language is an evolutionarily recent human invention; consequently, its neural substrates cannot be determined by the genetic code. How, then, does the brain incorporate skills of this type? One possibility is that written language is dependent on evolutionarily older skills, such as spoken language; another is that dedicated substrates develop with expertise. If written language does depend on spoken language, then acquired deficits of spoken and written language should necessarily co… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

How modality-specific is morphology?
TLDR
Examining whether the dissociations observed with regular inflections extend to other morphological forms, such as derivation and irregular inflection, showed that the dissociation holds for derivation; however, both participants were impaired with irregular inflections in both output modalities.
The processing of inflected and derived words in writing
TLDR
This report reports on an English-speaking, aphasic individual with a spelling deficit more severely affecting orthographically irregular words for which phonologically plausible errors were produced and finds the first evidence that distinct neural mechanisms support inflection and derivation in spelling.
Shell nouns as register-specific discourse devices
This article provides a corpus-based investigation into shell nouns. Shell nouns perform a variety of referential functions and express speaker stance. The investigation was motivated by the fact
Understanding and Decoding Imagined Speech using Electrocorticographic Recordings in Humans
Certain brain disorders, resulting from brainstem infarcts, traumatic brain injury, stroke and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, limit verbal communication despite the patient being fully aware. People
Cognitive control during selection and repair in word production
TLDR
No reliable correlation was found between the cost of contextual similarity at the semantic and segmental levels and the reversal cost, however, was reliably correlated between semantically and segmentally related pairs, implying stage-specific selection control processes.
J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Study Programme: Double Major MA Study Programme in English Language and Literature – English Translation and Interpreting Studies and Publishing
Today, the translation service industry and the speech technology industry are both in significant growth, showing no indication of stopping in the near future. Speech recognition technology is
Development of language and arithmetic skills: risk and protective factors. Comparative cross-sectional study.
TLDR
Teenage pregnancy and consumption of psychoactive substances during pregnancy or complications during pregnancy were risk factors for performance regarding arithmetic and language and higher schooling level for the mother was a protective factor for language.
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES
An exaggerated effect for proper nouns in a case of superior written over spoken word production
TLDR
A brain-damaged subject, RR, who manifests superior written over spoken naming of concrete entities from a wide range of conceptual domains is described, which implies that his successful written naming does not depend on prior access to the sound structures of words.
Evidence for lexicographic processing in a patient with preserved written over oral single word naming.
TLDR
While grapheme-phoneme conversion improved substantially six months post-onset, phoneme-grapheme transcoding remained severely impaired, which suggests that different neural mechanisms mediate access to phonology for reading and writing systems.
Superior Written Over Spoken Picture Naming in a Case of Frontotemporal Dementia
TLDR
YP, a 60-year-old woman with a pattern of frontotemporal dementia, provides strong additional support for the orthographic autonomy hypothesis and the significance of this case with respect to the characterization of dementia syndromes is discussed.
Are Reading and Spelling Phonologically Mediated? Evidence from a Patient with a Speech Production Impairment
In this paper, we report the case of a patient, PS, who shows excellent comprehension of the meaning of words despite making a large number of phonemic paraphasias on tests of oral reading,
The autonomy of the orthographic pathway in a shallow language: Data from an aphasic patient
This paper reports the case of a Spanish monolingual aphasic patient, JD, who showed a severe impairment in language production. Overall, the patient's difficulties were much more severe in oral than
A case of selective difficulty in writing verbs
Abstract We describe the case of an individual who exhibited a selective difficulty in writing verbs. We document the pattern In a series of tasks and rule out the possibility that the results can be
The Autonomy of Lexical Orthography
Do we need to access the spoken form of a word in order to retrieve the word's spelling or in order to understand the meaning of its written form? In this paper we focus on the relationship between
Direct access from meaning to orthography in Chinese: A case study of superior written to oral naming
Background: For alphabetic scripts, the obligatory phonological mediation hypothesis about written language processing has been seriously challenged by case reports of acquired dyslexia and
The Independence of Phonological and Orthographic Lexical Forms: Evidence from Aphasia
WMA suffers from damage to the semantic component of the lexical semantic system and from damage to sublexical phonology-orthography and orthography-phonology conversion procedures. His performance
...
1
2
3
4
5
...