Modal Expressions in English

  title={Modal Expressions in English},
  author={Michael R. Perkins},
This work, which is both theoretical and descriptive, covers the entire range of modal expressions in English. It is organized so that the more general issues are dealt with first, followed by a more detailed analysis of the semantics of modal expressions. It is then supplemented by an assessment of how such an analysis is relevant to pragmatic and developmental perspectives on the expression of modality. 

Epistemic "mustn´t" in English

It is a widespread claim in the literature that there does not exist an epistemic use of the modal verb mustn�t in English. Instead, the form can�t is said to fill the gap in the system. This paper


The present paper provides an account of the behaviour of the English modals with respect to the perfective aspect of their complement. The differences in reading (external vs. internal perfect) are

The English modal auxiliaries: from lexical semantics to utterance interpretation

  • A. Klinge
  • Linguistics
    Journal of Linguistics
  • 1993
Like so many others before it, this exposition is of the meaning of the English modal auxiliaries, which are found in utterances conveying modal meanings such as ability, possibility and permission.

The attributary structure, evidential meaning, and the semantics of English SOUND-class

This paper discusses a class of English verbs which express a kind of evidential modality and which display a unique kind of predicative complementation, which is here called the “attributary”

Dynamic Modality

This paper explores the dynamic senses of CAN and WILL. It is argued that these dynamic senses should not be treated as subtypes of modality. The tendency to analyse these meanings as ‘modal’ is a

Verbs Expressing Wish and Their Modality Features in Modern English

In this article the study of the modality features of verbs expressing wish in modern English is carried out. Modality is a semantic-grammatical category which expresses the attitude of the speaker

Mood and modality in Northern Sotho

A distinction is drawn between the concepts ‘mood' and modality’, and existing views regarding the modal system of Northern Sotho are reconsidered against this background. It is shown that whereas