Mobility and Social Change: Understanding the European Neolithic Period after the Archaeogenetic Revolution

@article{Furholt2021MobilityAS,
  title={Mobility and Social Change: Understanding the European Neolithic Period after the Archaeogenetic Revolution},
  author={Martin Furholt},
  journal={Journal of Archaeological Research},
  year={2021},
  pages={1-55}
}
  • Martin Furholt
  • Published 4 January 2021
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Archaeological Research
This paper discusses and synthesizes the consequences of the archaeogenetic revolution to our understanding of mobility and social change during the Neolithic period in Europe (6500–2000 BC). In spite of major obstacles to a productive integration of archaeological and anthropological knowledge with ancient DNA data, larger changes in the European gene pool are detected and taken as indications for large-scale migrations during two major periods: the Early Neolithic expansion into Europe (6500… 

Muddying the Waters: reconsidering Migration in the Neolithic of Britain, Ireland and Denmark

This paper explores the current narratives of migration for the start and spread of the Neolithic with a particular focus on the role that the new ancient DNA data have provided. While the genetic

Self-Organized Cultural Cycles and the Uncertainty of Archaeological Thought

Contributing to the issue of complex relationship between social and cultural evolution, this paper aims to analyze repetitive patterns, or cycles, in the development of material culture. Our

Population Genomics of Stone Age Eurasia

TLDR
The findings show that although the Stone-Age migrations have been important in shaping contemporary genetic diversity in Eurasia, their dynamics and impact were geographically highly heterogeneous.

The genetic and cultural impact of the Steppe migration into Europe

TLDR
The data suggest that the Steppe-related ancestry arriving into Central Europe was male-driven, dominantly in the Corded Ware culture populations and lesser in the Bell Beaker populations, and there is no evidence that this migration had a significant input on the mitochondrial genetic pool of all European Bronze Age populations.

Spatially explicit paleogenomic simulations support cohabitation with limited admixture between Bronze Age Central European populations

TLDR
S spatially explicit simulations of genomic components are used to better characterize the demographic and migratory conditions that may have led to genomic changes during the early Bronze Age and suggest occasional long-distance migrations accompanying the expansion of pastoralists and a demographic decline in both populations following their initial contact.

Editorial

TLDR
With billions of items of plastic waste generated since the start of the pandemic, the authors argue that archaeologists can bring a distinctive perspective to the problem—one that threatens to reverse recent trends away from single-use plastics—by working with other specialists to influence public policy.

Process and Dynamics of Mediterranean Neolithization (7000–5500 bc)

Why did the farming lifestyle appear and proliferate so rapidly through the Mediterranean basin between 7000 and 5500 bc? In this paper, I review the archaeological and bioarchaeological data

Reassessing power in the archaeological discourse. How collective, cooperative and affective perspectives may impact our understanding of social relations and organization in prehistory

Abstract This paper critically examines how power is understood and used in archaeological interpretation of prehistoric societies. We argue that studies on power within archaeology have been

Dynamic changes in genomic and social structures in third millennium BCE central Europe

Archaeogenetic time transect in Europe unravels genetic and social changes before and after the arrival of “steppe” ancestry.

Forum: Populism, Identity Politics, and the Archaeology of Europe

DANIELA HOFMANN , EMILY HANSCAM, MARTIN FURHOLT, MARTIN BAČA, SAMANTHA S. REITER, ALESSANDRO VANZETTI, KOSTAS KOTSAKIS, HÅKAN PETERSSON, ELISABETH NIKLASSON, HERDIS HØLLELAND AND CATHERINE J. FRIEMAN

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 345 REFERENCES

Massive Migrations? The Impact of Recent aDNA Studies on our View of Third Millennium Europe

New human aDNA studies have once again brought to the forefront the role of mobility and migration in shaping social phenomena in European prehistory, processes that recent theoretical frameworks in

Mobility and migration in the Early Neolithic of the Mediterranean: questions of motivation and mechanism

Abstract The spread of the Neolithic throughout Mediterranean Europe involved, at least to some degree, the physical movement of farmers westwards. This mobility has often been attributed to

Female exogamy and gene pool diversification at the transition from the Final Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age in central Europe

TLDR
It is demonstrated that a simple notion of “migration” cannot explain the complex human mobility of third millennium BCE societies in Eurasia, and part of what archaeologists understand as migration is the result of large-scale institutionalized and possibly sex- and age-related individual mobility.

The Making of Bronze Age Eurasia

1. Archaeological theory and archaeological evidence 2. The Chalcolithic Prelude - from social hierarchies and giant settlements to the emergence of mobile economies, ca. 4500-3500 BC 3. The Caucasus

De-contaminating the aDNA – archaeology dialogue on mobility and migration: discussing the culture-historical legacy

TLDR
A polythetic approach to the material of the third millennium BC presents a different picture of the period, relying on a practice-based approach to how new transregional objects and practices are integrated into local contexts and it is argued that these two adjustments can significantly improve the aDNA–archaeology dialogue, and better integrate the different datasets.

Population Circulation and the Transformation of Ancient Zuni Communities

Because nearly all aspects of culture depend on the movement of bodies, objects, and ideas, mobility has been a primary topic during the past forty years of archaeological research on small-scale

Re-integrating Archaeology: A Contribution to aDNA Studies and the Migration Discourse on the 3rd Millennium BC in Europe

Since aDNA research suggested a marked gene influx from Eastern into Central Europe in the 3rd millennium bc, outdated, simplistic narratives of massive migrations of closed populations have

How People Moved among Ancient Societies: Broadening the View

Archaeologists have made great strides in understanding prehistoric migration, yet they have tended to focus on only part of the continuum of human movement. In nonstate societies, individuals and

Evolutionary Demography and the Population History of the European Early Neolithic

Abstract In this paper I propose that evolutionary demography and associated theory from human behavioral ecology provide a strong basis for explaining the available evidence for the patterns

A Variation on a Basic Theme: The Transition to Farming in Southern Central Europe

This paper attempts to summarize the past years of research on the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in Central Europe and to review recent discussions about the origin and spread of the Early
...